Landfill Biogas (BioCNG) Vehicle Fuel – Renewable Natural Gas from Waste & Organics


Back to The Future!

Remember that great movie?  Fueling a vehicle with food waste was a concept made famous by the movie Back to the Future in the 1980s. Almost 30 years later, what was once a futuristic idea has become a reality. Biogas, also known as renewable natural gas (RNG), produced at locations such as landfills or dairy farms, can supply gas to on-site fueling infrastructure for vehicles such as refuse haulers and dairy trucks.

Converting biogas from source-separated organics to compressed natural gas (CNG) is one of the most viable uses for the renewable natural gas (RNG) fuel.

In order for RNG to be used as vehicle fuel, it must first be refined, which requires investment in equipment. The actual fueling station using RNG is similar in cost to those connected to a utility pipeline, but the overall economic and environmental incentives behind biogas conversion make it an option not to be overlooked.

Drivers of Biogas Conversion

Many states, cities and other jurisdictions in North America have recently adopted or are phasing in mandates to divert more than 70 percent of their municipal solid waste from landfill disposal. Processing for traditional recyclables can only get the diversion rate to 50 percent or so. The new mandates for more diversion create a need to focus on organic waste (yard waste and food waste) which accounts for more than 25 percent of the waste stream and is still largely unrecycled in North America.

One of the options for organics is anaerobic digestion (AD), the treatment process that produces biogas. Biogas contains greater than 50 percent methane, and as such it can be extracted, cleaned and turned into compressed natural gas (CNG).

While biogas can be used for other purposes, including generating electricity, project-specific economic analyses to date indicate that conversion to CNG vehicle fuel is usually the highest return option for using biogas. Among the reasons is the fact that CNG from biogas is a clean, domestically produced alternative fuel. Compared with vehicles fueled by conventional diesel and gasoline, CNG vehicles can produce lower levels of some emissions. And because CNG fuel systems are completely sealed, CNG vehicles produce no evaporative emissions.

Other important drivers include incentives for renewable energy and greenhouse gas reduction. Biogas displaces fossil fuels when used as a fuel. Therefore biogas projects are eligible for the grants, loans and incentives available to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs). While the U.S. federal government has struggled to implement regulations and incentives for GHG reduction, many states, Canadian provinces and independent foundations and agencies do offer relevant incentives, including some for renewable energy, that can make a significant economic difference. In fact most biogas projects coming online today benefit from one or more of these programs.

In addition, to accelerate the use of fuels derived from renewable sources, Congress established standards under the Energy Policy Act of 2005 designed to encourage the blending of renewable fuels into our nation’s motor vehicle fuel supply. This initial renewable fuels standard (RFS, referred to as RFS#1) mandated that a minimum of 4 billion gallons be used by 2006, rising to 7.5 billion gallons in 2012.

Congress strengthened the renewable fuels program under the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (RFS#2) to include specific annual volume standards for total renewable fuel and also for specific renewable fuel categories of cellulosic biofuel, biomass-based diesel and advanced biofuel. This act also greatly expanded the biofuel mandate and extended the date through 2022.

Cost Factors

The price of natural gas remains low relative to other fuel resources as a result of the use of horizontal drilling, fracking and other new natural gas extraction techniques. This has caused many truck fleet owners to begin converting large parts of their fleets to CNG-fueled vehicles. The demand for CNG compression and fueling systems has grown in tandem with this trend, which has not only reduced the price of these systems, but has brought modular systems into the marketplace providing greater reliability and cost certainty than in the past.

All of these factors add up to define the economics of biogas-to-energy projects. Others are spurring dairy and other livestock farmers to process manure, producing various products that can be used on the farm, such as animal bedding and fertilizer as well as biogas. Still other factors are driving an increasing number of wastewater treatment plants to install or retrofit digesters to accept feedstocks such as food wastes and fats, oils and grease in addition to sewage sludges.

Given the variety of factors that can affect any given project, it’s necessary to carefully examine all potential inputs and outputs to determine the optimal combination of feedstocks and outputs in evaluating economic viability. Indeed, several entrepreneurial merchant facilities have sprung up that combine all of the above feedstocks in the same digester and produce a variety of products, including CNG from biogas.

According to a 2014 U.S. Department of Agriculture study, more than 2,000 biogas production facilities of all types are today operating in the United States, and adequate feedstock is available to expand that number to 13,000 facilities that could generate a little more than 650 billion cubic feet per year of biogas that could produce the equivalent of 2.5 billion gallons of gasoline per year.

For the waste industry, the best candidates for biogas production are source-separated organics (SSO). These include wastes collected in municipal programs that require households and businesses to separate organic wastes. While only a few of these have been implemented, several jurisdictions, including the states of California and Massachusetts and the cities of Seattle; New York; San Francisco; Toronto; and Calgary, Alberta, have or are in the process of implementing requirements for businesses and/or residences to source-separate their organic wastes. (See the related article, “Pumped about biogas” at www.REWmag.com/rew0315-biogas-fuel.aspx.)

Options for Biogas Production

Biogas is produced by specialized bacteria that thrive in airless environments, which explains why the process is referred to as anaerobic digestion (AD). However feedstocks ultimately drive everything in digestion and biogas production. As such, a range of digester types are available today to do this.

Even more important is the fact that some AD types work better for some feedstocks than for others. In general, digester types are grouped according to the moisture-content of the feedstocks. Wet digesters are basically big tanks where very wet feedstocks (with a solids content of less than 20 percent) are pumped in and pumped out. Meanwhile, dry digesters handle materials that are stackable (greater than 40 percent solids), and the material is moved with a front-end loader. In dry digesters, liquids are percolated through the organic material rather than submerging or suspending them. In between these two types are high-solids digesters that handle slurries of between 20 percent and 40 percent solids. Dry digesters are potentially much more efficient, requiring less heat and energy input and producing much less wastewater, but they are designed for drier feedstocks.

Biogas yields from different feedstocks vary greatly. Even within a given type, various sources report a range of values. Rules of thumb for use in preliminary alternatives comparisons are listed in Table 1 below, covering the range from high to low. For project engineering and budgeting, samples of the actual feedstocks should be tested. A standard test called the biomethane potential (BMP) test is done in a laboratory mini-digester, and factored to adjust for non-laboratory conditions.

In order to use biogas as vehicle fuel, it must be cleaned up, compressed and stored. It’s important to understand that vehicle fuel doesn’t have to be cleaned to the same standards as fuel for pipeline injection. Standards include SAE J1616 and California Code of Regulations Title 3, Article 3 – Specifications for Alternative Motor Vehicle Fuels.

While pipeline companies may require biogas to be cleaned up to 98 percent or higher methane concentration, the California CNG standard only requires 88 percent methane, and vehicles can generally be operated efficiently at this level. This can make a large difference in the costs involved to clean and treat the gas to use it for fuel. Typically, removal or reduction of moisture, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and siloxanes are required for vehicle use of biogas.

As mentioned, carbon dioxide, moisture and impurities all need to be removed from biogas to protect vehicle engines. This can consume as much as a third of the biogas produced for very small systems (on the order of 5,000 cubic feet per hour of biogas), to only a few percent for larger systems (20,000 cubic feet per hour of biogas and larger). These reductions and the resulting volume reduction for removal of carbon dioxide yield the ranges of CNG volumes listed in the table on page 25, as well as gallons of gasoline equivalent.

Biogas is typically compressed in two stages using reciprocating compressors. The initial compression may be up to an intermediate pressure level of 500 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) for processing. Final compression would be up to the CNG fuel storage pressure of 3,600 psig for a fast-fill refueling facility.

The cost of biogas production can vary from $0.60 to $1.00 per Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE), which is about 5.66 pounds of CNG. However, digestion project costs are usually offset by other revenues, including tipping fees for the organic wastes and digestate that can be used as fertilizer. For this reason, every project must be analyzed based on its own circumstances.

The total cost of developing a CNG fueling station depends on a number of factors, including the fuel demand from the fleet and other users, the fleet’s applications and duty cycles, site conditions, the complexity of equipment installation and local permitting processes. As a result, costs can vary widely from one project to another.

For details on the various cost considerations for these facilities, see the related article, “Project development costs for CNG fueling stations” at www.REWmag.com/rew0315-cng-fueling-costs.aspx.

Project Development

Biogas projects are inevitably complex because there are multiple inputs and multiple outputs. Feedstocks will probably come from multiple sources, and these supplies need to be assured through various forms of agreement with the generators. The big plus here is that unlike most energy projects, a biogas project owner actually gets paid to take the fuel, which is considered a waste for which the generator expects to pay for disposal. In addition to energy from biogas, there is usually at least one more revenue source from products of digestion, which can often be sold for fertilizer value or can be composted to produce saleable products. The multiple revenue sources provide robustness because market fluctuations for one won’t affect the others. But the complexity, as well as the relative lack of precedents, make careful planning and supplier commitments essential for these projects.

AD technology is in a state of rapid development because of the wide array of feedstocks that are now being considered for biogas production. Technology vendors are making claims that, however valid, have little field experience to back them up. Every biogas project today should include check-ins on the latest available technologies and data available from vendors, and compare not only data for that technology, but how its effects could ripple through the whole project, from requirements for feedstock collection and preprocessing through production, distribution and sale of all products that will result from the project.

Biogas-CNG Benefits

1. Significant savings over gasoline and diesel

  • 50-75% savings over current gas/diesel cost
  • Cost-competitive to fossil-based CNG•

2. Local, green, renewable fuel source

  • Up to 90% GHG reductions v. gas and diesel
  • Renewable fuel and GHG credits

3. Control your future!

  • Cost locked in for 15-20 years
  • Hedge against traditional potential rising Natural Gas prices

About the Authors

Bob Wallace, MBA – Founder and a Principal of Phoenix-based WIH Resource Group Inc., has more than 27 years of experience in waste and recycling collections program management, alternative fuels, operational performance assessments, recycling/solid waste operations, landfills, planning and development. He can be reached by email at bwallace@wihresourcegroup.com.

Tom Kraemer is a principal technologist with CH2M Hill, Englewood, Colorado, and specializes in organic waste management. He can be reached at tom.kraemer@ch2m.com.

Pumped About Biogas: Find out how the cities of Tacoma, Washington, and Sacramento are converting biogas from organics to CNG at www.REWmag.com/rew0315-biogas-fuel.aspx.

A Look at CNG Station Costs: For further reading on the project development costs for CNG fueling stations, visit www.REWmag.com/rew0315-cng-fueling-costs.aspx.

SOURCE: WIH Resource Group & US News & World Report

You Tube: Click HERE to visit WIH Resource Group’s You Tube Channel

Contact WIH Resource Group
For more information, Visit our website by CLICKING HERE and contact us today to see how we can best serve you by phone at 480.241.9994 or by e-mail at admin@wihrg.com

WIH Resource Group’s Diversified Client-Specific Services include:

  • Waste Management Consulting
  • Recycling Programs Optimization
  • Alternative Fuels for Truck Fleets
  • Research & Polling – Customer Satisfaction Surveys
  • Landfill Operations Consulting
  • Business and Assets Appraisals & Valuations
  • Collection, Processing, Transfer & Disposal Procurement
  • M&A Due Diligence
  • Waste to Energy & New Technology Evaluation Environmental Services
  • Expert Testimony/Litigation Support
  • Facility Planning & Design
  • Finance and Economic Analysis
  • Mergers, Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Operations & Performance Assessment (OPAs)
  • Planning – Solid Waste, Recycling and Program
  • Program Management & Capital Project Planning
  • Rates, Financial Analyses & Appraisals
  • Rates and Regulatory Support
  • Recycling Program Design
  • Renewables / Clean Energy Technology

Click here to request more information about these services & WIH Resource Group

RELATED LINKS: http://www.wihrg.com

Clean Green Renewable Energy

ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP
WIH Resource Group is a global leader and provider of comprehensive waste management consulting, recycling, transportation / logistical and business solutions, specializing in, among other services, waste management operational performance assessments, financial analysis. transportation / logistics, alternative fuel solutions, solid waste planning, waste and recycling market studies, business development, business valuations, due diligence and Mergers and Acquistions (M&A) transactional support and environmental services.

WIH Resource Group’s experience includes the oversight of operations, maintenance, finance, human resources, business development, sales, safety and environmental compliance while maintaining responsibility for multi-million dollar publicly and privately held assets including: a variety of collection operations, Sub-title D and hazardous and Class II landfills, transfer stations, intermodal facilities, recycling centers, buyback centers, material recovery facilities, vehicle and container maintenance operations, call centers and payment processing operations.

Based in Phoenix, Arizona, the company serves both private companies and public sector Agency clients throughout North America and internationally.  To learn more about WIH Resource Group, Inc. visit http://www.wihrg.com .

For Additional information on WIH Resource Group, Inc. contact:
Bob Wallace, Principal & VP of Client Solutions
WIH Resource Group – Waste Management, Recycling and Logistical Solutions
Email: admin@wihrg.com Phone: 480-241-9994

Website: http://www.wihrg.com
Daily News Blog: http://www.wihresourcegroup.wordpress.com
Follow WIH Resource Group on Twitter: http://twitter.com/wihresource

WIH Resource Group’s White Paper on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fuel Use in Refuse Collection Vehicles Industry is Available for Purchasing:   The entire 65-plus page report and Appendices: $299.00 US Funds – Visa and Mastercard Accepted.

CLICK HERE to Order Your Copy today!

Phone: 480.241.9994 ~ E-mail: admin@wihrg.com

Should you have any questions about this news or general questions about our diversified services, please contact Bob Wallace, Principal & VP of Client Solutions at WIH Resource Group and Waste Savings, Inc. at admin@wihrg.com

Feel free to visit our websites for additional information on our services at: http://www.wihrg.com and our daily blog at https://wihresourcegroup.wordpress.com

Follow Bob Wallace and WIH Resource Group on Twitter: http://twitter.com/wihresource

Be sure to check out Invigorated Solutions, Inc.

  1. Follow @invigorsolution on Twitter
  2. Visit our website: http://www.invigoratedsolutions.com/
  3. Like our Facebook Page
  4. Follow Invigorated Solutions on Tumblr

About Invigorated Solutions

Passionate about life, learning, love and sharing their experiences of life, Bob & Tracy Wallace enjoy sharing their invigorated (energizing) solutions / advice and useful life tips for living life to the fullest on their popular life development blog, “Invigorated Solutions”.  Click HERE to visit our website for more valuable information.

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New York Mayor Unveils Environmental Plan on Earth Day 2015


The nation’s biggest city, under the direction of Mayor Bill de Blasio, marked Earth Day on Wednesday by linking a sweeping effort to limit its impact on the environment with its fight against income inequality by pledging to lift more than 800,000 people out of poverty.

WIH Resource Group Mayor of NYC Earth Day 2015

De Blasio unveiled his ambitious OneNYC plan as a comprehensive strategy to improve New Yorkers’ lives by providing affordable housing, shortening commute times and preserving the environment.

“The way forward is to create a vision for one city where there’s opportunity for all, sustainability for all and fairness for all,” de Blasio said. “So many people who have fought for economic justice have also fought for environmental justice because these challenges go hand in hand.”

The waste reduction proposal — first reported Tuesday by The Associated Press — is central to the plan. New York, home to about 8.5 million residents, aims to reduce its waste output by 90 percent by 2030 from its 2005 level. The plan, the biggest undertaken by a city in the Western Hemisphere, would eliminate more than 3 million tons of garbage by overhauling the city’s recycling program, offering incentives to reduce waste and embracing the City Council’s plan to dramatically reduce the use of plastic shopping bags.

The waste reduction plan is part of an update to the sustainability project created by de Blasio’s predecessor, Michael Bloomberg. But even changing its name from PlaNYC to the loftier OneNYC: The Plan for a Strong and Just City, which invokes de Blasio’s campaign promise to combat the “tale of two cities” created by income inequality, makes clear that the updated plan would grow in scope.

The mayor pledged to lift 800,000 New Yorkers out of poverty or near poverty in the next decade, one of the largest anti-poverty efforts in the nation’s history. De Blasio said it would “change the reality of this city.”

He also reiterated his lofty housing goals — he aims to create 500,000 units of affordable housing by 2040 — and said he wants to end racial and ethnic disparities in premature mortality. He pledged to explore new capital expenditures — including the feasibility of a new subway line to serve central Brooklyn — to improve the city’s aging infrastructure and to reduce the average New Yorker’s commuting time to 45 minutes.

But de Blasio declined to discuss the cost — or source of funding — for the projects, saying much of that would be revealed in next month’s budget presentation.

Some resiliency advocates applauded the lofty goals, but others, including Jordan Levine of the New York League of Conservation Voters, chided the plan for not providing specifics on funding and warned that “implementation is where rubber meets the road.”

For decades, the city’s trash has been exported to South Carolina, Virginia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania or upstate New York. The amount of waste produced by the city has fallen 14 percent since 2005 because of an increase in recycling, and a key component of the plan is to bolster that output by simplifying the process and consolidating all recycling into one bin by 2020.

Organics — such as food scraps and yard waste — make up nearly a third of the city’s residential waste stream. A program to collect that material directly from residents’ homes is expanding to nearly 200,000 residents by year’s end, and city officials want to serve every home by the end of 2018. The city also will offer economic incentives to participate, including potentially a property tax rebate for homeowners.

The city also aims to reduce commercial waste by 90 percent by 2030 by adopting a program that could mean tax incentives for participating businesses and fines for nonparticipants.

The de Blasio administration stopped short of endorsing a City Council bill that proposes a 10-cent fee on plastic bags, but officials said that reducing their use is a priority and that they would coordinate efforts with the council.

SOURCE: WIH Resource Group & US News & World Report

You Tube: Click HERE to visit WIH Resource Group’s You Tube Channel

Contact WIH Resource Group
For more information, Visit our website by CLICKING HERE and contact us today to see how we can best serve you by phone at 480.241.9994 or by e-mail at admin@wihrg.com

WIH Resource Group’s Diversified Client-Specific Services include:

  • Waste Management Consulting
  • Recycling Programs Optimization
  • Alternative Fuels for Truck Fleets
  • Research & Polling – Customer Satisfaction Surveys
  • Landfill Operations Consulting
  • Business and Assets Appraisals & Valuations
  • Collection, Processing, Transfer & Disposal Procurement
  • M&A Due Diligence
  • Waste to Energy & New Technology Evaluation Environmental Services
  • Expert Testimony/Litigation Support
  • Facility Planning & Design
  • Finance and Economic Analysis
  • Mergers, Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Operations & Performance Assessment (OPAs)
  • Planning – Solid Waste, Recycling and Program
  • Program Management & Capital Project Planning
  • Rates, Financial Analyses & Appraisals
  • Rates and Regulatory Support
  • Recycling Program Design
  • Renewables / Clean Energy Technology

Click here to request more information about these services & WIH Resource Group

RELATED LINKS: http://www.wihrg.com

Clean Green Renewable Energy

ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP
WIH Resource Group is a global leader and provider of comprehensive waste management consulting, recycling, transportation / logistical and business solutions, specializing in, among other services, waste management operational performance assessments, financial analysis. transportation / logistics, alternative fuel solutions, solid waste planning, waste and recycling market studies, business development, business valuations, due diligence and Mergers and Acquistions (M&A) transactional support and environmental services.

WIH Resource Group’s experience includes the oversight of operations, maintenance, finance, human resources, business development, sales, safety and environmental compliance while maintaining responsibility for multi-million dollar publicly and privately held assets including: a variety of collection operations, Sub-title D and hazardous and Class II landfills, transfer stations, intermodal facilities, recycling centers, buyback centers, material recovery facilities, vehicle and container maintenance operations, call centers and payment processing operations.

Based in Phoenix, Arizona, the company serves both private companies and public sector Agency clients throughout North America and internationally.  To learn more about WIH Resource Group, Inc. visit http://www.wihrg.com .

For Additional information on WIH Resource Group, Inc. contact:
Bob Wallace, Principal & VP of Client Solutions
WIH Resource Group – Waste Management, Recycling and Logistical Solutions
Email: admin@wihrg.com Phone: 480-241-9994

Website: http://www.wihrg.com
Daily News Blog: http://www.wihresourcegroup.wordpress.com
Follow WIH Resource Group on Twitter: http://twitter.com/wihresource

WIH Resource Group’s White Paper on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fuel Use in Refuse Collection Vehicles Industry is Available for Purchasing:   The entire 65-plus page report and Appendices: $299.00 US Funds – Visa and Mastercard Accepted.

CLICK HERE to Order Your Copy today!

Phone: 480.241.9994 ~ E-mail: admin@wihrg.com

Should you have any questions about this news or general questions about our diversified services, please contact Bob Wallace, Principal & VP of Client Solutions at WIH Resource Group and Waste Savings, Inc. at admin@wihrg.com

Feel free to visit our websites for additional information on our services at: http://www.wihrg.com and our daily blog at https://wihresourcegroup.wordpress.com

Follow Bob Wallace and WIH Resource Group on Twitter: http://twitter.com/wihresource

Be sure to check out Invigorated Solutions, Inc.

  1. Follow @invigorsolution on Twitter
  2. Visit our website: http://www.invigoratedsolutions.com/
  3. Like our Facebook Page
  4. Follow Invigorated Solutions on Tumblr

About Invigorated Solutions

Passionate about life, learning, love and sharing their experiences of life, Bob & Tracy Wallace enjoy sharing their invigorated (energizing) solutions / advice and useful life tips for living life to the fullest on their popular life development blog, “Invigorated Solutions”.  Click HERE to visit our website for more valuable information.

Invigorated Solutions Logo - 3d picture format

Planning to Green your Fleet? Look Before You Leap


Today, an increasing number of fleets are planning to go green. But, what really constitutes “green”? Some fleet managers believe that, in order to be green, the fleet must operate hybrids, pure electrics, or use a clean alternative fuel. All of these alternatives can, indeed, be environmentally friendly; however, in reality, any initiative that significantly reduces a fleet’s environmental impact can be considered green. For example, a conventional fleet that reduces fuel consumption by 35 percent through better specifications and improved utilization is, potentially, just as green as a fleet that converted to hybrids or an alternative fuel.

Looking to Green Your Fleet?  Look no further, WIH Resource Group has your solutions!  http://www.wihrg.com

Looking to Green Your Fleet? Look no further, WIH Resource Group has your solutions! http://www.wihrg.com

Why Go Green?

There are many different ways to reduce a fleet’s environmental impact, and the reasons for doing so are numerous.

But, if a fleet is considering adopting a green program, it’s important to first accurately define why it is considering such a big leap. Once that is determined, fleet leadership must establish a broad performance objective. This will help determine the steps fleet will take to become green and establish a means to measure the program’s success.

While there may be multiple objectives, they will likely fall into one or more of the following general categories:

● Enhance the company’s public image.
● Minimize fuel costs.
● Lower overall operating costs.
● Minimize CO2 emissions.
● Eliminate use of conventional, hydrocarbon fuels.
● Utilize a fuel that will be readily available in the fleet’s area of operation.
● Fulfill government mandates.

One of the first issues that may be encountered during the process of greening a fleet involves government mandates. The government may have requirements as to how the greening process is going to proceed.

What Are the Options?

There are numerous alternatives when it comes to greening a fleet, including changing how the fleet operates, increasing vehicle efficiency, adopting electric or hybrid vehicles, using drop-in liquid alternative fuels or switching to gaseous alternative fuels, or exotics (e.g., hydrogen or dimethyl ether aka DME).

Often, the alternatives can be combined. For example, a fleet can convert to an alternative fuel and make management changes to improve fleet utilization. The real question is: Which alternative should be used?

To find the best solution, a fleet manager should start by defining drive and duty cycles. The fleet may also be constrained by regulations, availability, and pricing of alternative fuels; funding; and operating considerations. This last issue is very important for utility fleets that may have to respond to emergency situations (e.g., storms or floods) outside of normal operating areas.

Drive Cycles & Duty Cycles

The terms “drive cycle” and “duty cycle” are often used interchangeably, but they actually measure two different aspects of vehicle utilization. A drive cycle defines how a vehicle is used, while a duty cycle defines how much it is being used.

A drive cycle typically measures factors such as vehicle speed, starts and stops over a given time period, idle time (incidental and extended), and engine off time. It may also incorporate data on power export (PTO operation, etc.). This information is normally graphed showing vehicle speed over time. The chart above defines an urban dynamometer test drive cycle, but is typical of how a drive cycle graph will look.

Duty cycles measure how much a vehicle is used. The primary factors tracked include frequency and length of use, utilization cycles per measurement period, distance driven per measurement cycle, on-road versus off-road use, load profile, and total vehicle lifecycle. There are numerous ways to track a drive cycle, such as the use of a data logger, downloading information from the CANbus, or by utilizing a telematics system.

Duty cycle data typically comes from a combination of data logging and historical data, but experience shows that perceived duty cycles and actual duty cycles are not always the same, so it is important to ensure accurate usage data.

A drive cycle typically measures factors such as vehicle speed, starts and stops over a given time period, idle time (incidental and extended), and engine off time. SOURCE: NTEA
A drive cycle typically measures factors such as vehicle speed, starts and stops over a given time period, idle time (incidental and extended), and engine off time. SOURCE: NTEA

Putting it all Together

Once the drive and duty cycles for a specific application have been defined, it becomes much easier to pick the right alternatives. Just remember that drive and duty cycles frequently vary by vehicle type, operating environment, specific application, and even the time of year.

Other factors — such as overall objectives, mandates, financial considerations, and application constraints — may also impact the final selection.

Ultimately, there is no single right answer — a fleet manager must make an educated decision for each situation. The selections must be consistent with operational requirements, such as: range requirements, availability of alternative fuels, charging cycles and usable range for electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs), payload factors, vehicle tare weight, usable cargo space, and vehicle utilization flexibility.

Websites of such organizations as the Green Truck Association (www.greentruckassociation.com) and green technology conferences, such as the annual Green Truck Summit, which is produced by the NTEA and CALSTART, can be excellent resources to help with the selection of viable green alternatives.

Even if a vehicle drive cycle is a perfect match for a specific green alternative, the associated duty cycle and investment constraints may preclude its use.

For example, with its drive cycle (low mileage and speeds, frequent stops, and high idle times), an inner-city truck appears to be the perfect application for a hybrid or electric vehicle. However, both options typically represent a high initial investment, so there are financial considerations.

In addition, an analysis of the application’s duty cycle may show the vehicle will never drive enough miles during its life to pay back the investment. Conversely, the high idle time indicated by the drive cycle analysis may make an excellent case for the installation of a lower cost idle management system. In a related scenario, if a vehicle is utilized for two shifts a day, the use of an electric vehicle may be contradicted by the amount of dwell time needed to recharge the batteries between shifts.

When evaluating alternatives, don’t overlook the benefits of making relatively simple changes to fleet vehicles. In many cases, efficiency increases of 30 percent or more are attainable through the use of technologies such as: driver behavior modification, optimized powertrains, electrification of accessory loads and power export (electric PTOs), aerodynamics, weight reduction, reduced rolling resistance, idle management, and telematics.

Hidden Costs

Be careful not to overlook hidden infrastructure costs when evaluating advanced green alternatives. In almost all cases, it will be necessary to factor in costs for new shop equipment and technician training. In addition, specific alternatives have their own associated costs. Examples when dealing with gaseous fuels include, but are not limited to: modification of shops and parking facilities to meet fire codes; heating and ventilation modifications; lighting and other wiring modifications; upgrades to electrical systems for operation of a compressor station; type and size of compressor station needed; and potential for incurring demand billing for electrical service.

Likewise, when considering electric vehicles, don’t overlook:

● Upgrades to electrical systems (charging requirements).
● Required charge level (1, 2, or 3).
● Demand billing considerations.

Regardless of why a fleet elects to go green, there should be some means to measure success. In the end, if original goals have been met, the fleet is financially viable, and operations have not been negatively impacted, it may be fairly safe to say the program is a success. However, don’t forget, more can always be done.

About the Author
Bob Johnson is director of fleet relations for the NTEA – The Association for the Work Truck Industry. To learn more about the organization and its annual Work Truck Show, visit www.ntea.com/worktruckshow.

SOURCE: WIH Resource Group & Work Truck Magazine

You Tube: Click HERE to visit WIH Resource Group’s You Tube Channel

Contact WIH Resource Group
For more information, Visit our website by CLICKING HERE and contact us today to see how we can best serve you by phone at 480.241.9994 or by e-mail at admin@wihrg.com

WIH Resource Group’s Diversified Client-Specific Services include:

  • Waste Management Consulting
  • Recycling Programs Optimization
  • Alternative Fuels for Truck Fleets
  • Research & Polling – Customer Satisfaction Surveys
  • Landfill Operations Consulting
  • Business and Assets Appraisals & Valuations
  • Collection, Processing, Transfer & Disposal Procurement
  • M&A Due Diligence
  • Waste to Energy & New Technology Evaluation Environmental Services
  • Expert Testimony/Litigation Support
  • Facility Planning & Design
  • Finance and Economic Analysis
  • Mergers, Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Operations & Performance Assessment (OPAs)
  • Planning – Solid Waste, Recycling and Program
  • Program Management & Capital Project Planning
  • Rates, Financial Analyses & Appraisals
  • Rates and Regulatory Support
  • Recycling Program Design
  • Renewables / Clean Energy Technology

Click here to request more information about these services & WIH Resource Group

RELATED LINKS: http://www.wihrg.com

Clean Green Renewable Energy

ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP
WIH Resource Group is a global leader and provider of comprehensive waste management consulting, recycling, transportation / logistical and business solutions, specializing in, among other services, waste management operational performance assessments, financial analysis. transportation / logistics, alternative fuel solutions, solid waste planning, waste and recycling market studies, business development, business valuations, due diligence and Mergers and Acquistions (M&A) transactional support and environmental services.

WIH Resource Group’s experience includes the oversight of operations, maintenance, finance, human resources, business development, sales, safety and environmental compliance while maintaining responsibility for multi-million dollar publicly and privately held assets including: a variety of collection operations, Sub-title D and hazardous and Class II landfills, transfer stations, intermodal facilities, recycling centers, buyback centers, material recovery facilities, vehicle and container maintenance operations, call centers and payment processing operations.

Based in Phoenix, Arizona, the company serves both private companies and public sector Agency clients throughout North America and internationally.  To learn more about WIH Resource Group, Inc. visit http://www.wihrg.com .

For Additional information on WIH Resource Group, Inc. contact:
Bob Wallace, Principal & VP of Client Solutions
WIH Resource Group – Waste Management, Recycling and Logistical Solutions
Email: admin@wihrg.com Phone: 480-241-9994

Website: http://www.wihrg.com
Daily News Blog: http://www.wihresourcegroup.wordpress.com
Follow WIH Resource Group on Twitter: http://twitter.com/wihresource

WIH Resource Group’s White Paper on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fuel Use in Refuse Collection Vehicles Industry is Available for Purchasing:   The entire 65-plus page report and Appendices: $299.00 US Funds – Visa and Mastercard Accepted.

CLICK HERE to Order Your Copy today!

Phone: 480.241.9994 ~ E-mail: admin@wihrg.com

Should you have any questions about this news or general questions about our diversified services, please contact Bob Wallace, Principal & VP of Client Solutions at WIH Resource Group and Waste Savings, Inc. at admin@wihrg.com

Feel free to visit our websites for additional information on our services at: http://www.wihrg.com and our daily blog at https://wihresourcegroup.wordpress.com

WIH Resource Group on Linked In: http://www.linkedin.com/in/wihresourcegroup

Follow Bob Wallace and WIH Resource Group on Twitter: http://twitter.com/wihresource

Be sure to check out Invigorated Solutions, Inc.

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About Invigorated Solutions

Passionate about life, learning, love and sharing their experiences of life, Bob & Tracy Wallace enjoy sharing their invigorated (energizing) solutions / advice and useful life tips for living life to the fullest on their popular life development blog, “Invigorated Solutions”.  Click HERE to visit our website for more valuable information.

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7 Steps to Manifest Your Intentions – Love, Career, Family & Your Dreams


We all want to manifest things in our lives. We set our intentions on what we want and we wait and think that the Law of Attraction is not working. The Law of Attraction is a universal law and it is fail proof. So we have to ask ourselves, what are we doing that is keeping us from getting what we really want? Setting our intentions is the easy part, but what are our thoughts and words telling the universe?

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Do we continue to trust that we will truly get what we want or do we start to get negative when we don’t see it happening right away? If you are like us, we clearly and boldly set our intentions on what we want but when we don’t see any movement happening right away, we start to question and let our ego get the best of us thinking that its not meant to be or that we wont be good at it or that we don’t deserve it.

I have been in the process of starting my own business. I am full force ahead and setting my intentions on how much money I want to generate or how big the business is going to be. Then within the next day or so, I start letting my thoughts creep in to “what if it doesn’t succeed?” or “what if I can’t make enough money?” or “why would people want to go with MY Company?” Those thoughts represent doubt and a lack of faith and are determining my new intentions, which are failure. How can I expect to succeed when I am shouting out to the universe about failure?

So how can you make your intentions manifest?

1. Set your Intentions

Setting clear intentions are so important. Decide what it is that you want to achieve. Whether it is the perfect relationship, a new car, financial prosperity or a free lunch. I like to write down my intentions in blue ink. This carries a higher energy and by putting it in writing, it makes them very clear.

Next, write down why you want that particular intention. Make it about the emotion. So if you want financial prosperity, it is not so you can buy what you want but it is more about freedom. The freedom to do what you want, when you want. A relationship would be about having companionship, not about getting married or not being alone or have someone to pay half the bills.

Evoke the emotions that come with getting what you want. Now you want to write down the emotions that you are going to experience when you have your intention. That perfect relationship is going to make me so happy and joyful, feeling warm and safe, elated, refreshed, excited about life. I will have my heart beating fast and feel the beautiful knowing that I have someone by my side on my journey through life. The intention is what sends your request out into the universe, and the emotions are what draw the manifestation back in.

2. Address any Blocks

We can manifest anything that we desire, but if we have blocks in our subconscious that tell us that we don’t deserve or aren’t good enough to have those things, we will never be able to receive them. I have a friend that has been a millionaire 3 times, and has lost it all and filed bankruptcy after each time. He is able to quickly manifest but deep in the subconscious, he does not believe that he is worthy of having it. If we have a mentality of lack, that usually comes from a place of unworthiness.

I personally had the experience of a belief that I did not deserve a healthy relationship and even though I did a great job of manifesting and designing what that relationship would look like, I had to dig deep to discover why I was not achieving it. As soon as I was able to dig deep within myself and pull out that weed of not deserving, within 2 weeks, my perfect relationship appeared and I was able to hold on to it.

3. Still your Mind

The best way to manifest is to get out of your head and get in to a Theta state of mind. The Theta state is where we bridge the conscious and the subconscious mind. This is the state of mind that a young child lives in. This is why they are so impressionable and where false beliefs are formed.

Theta brain waves can be considered the subconscious; they govern the part of our mind that lies between the conscious and the unconscious and retain memories and feelings. They also direct your beliefs and your behavior. Theta waves are always creative, characterized by feelings of inspiration and very spiritual.
 It is believed that this mental state allows you to act below the level of the conscious mind.

Theta is the first stage of the phase when we dream.

Mediation is a great way to get into the theta state. This is where we get when we are hypnotized or we fall into the REM cycle of sleep. There are plenty of guided mediations on YouTube that can help you get to that state of mind if you are a beginner. You will feel when your mind gets into that state, there is no time, no feeling of your body and no outside awareness. If you can’t quite get into Theta, then Alpha is a good start.

Think of your brain as a radio receives and sends out signals. When you enter an Alpha frequency you are “switching” stations from receiving, which is Beta mode to sending mode where you can focus on a very clear intention. If you’ve ever been driving a zoning out and a great idea has popped into your head, it is likely you were in an Alpha state.

4. Visualize

This is the fun part. This is where we get to use our imagination and get into the mindset of a child. In this place, anything is possible. We are co-creators and we get to design what that intention gets to look like.

If you want a big house, visualize that big house. Live in the house, experience what you feel if you were walking around that house, going into your bedroom, pulling into the garage, swimming in the pool. Live it!! If it is relationship you want, dance with your partner, feel yourself in their arms, hear what they would be saying to you, kiss them, hold them, smell them. Make it as real as you can.

Paulo Coelho

When you evoke the emotions, this is where you raise your vibration to be in congruency with the vibration of the wish that you desire. Hold on to the image for at least 60 seconds and then move on to the next one. We suggest sticking with one or two per meditation so that you can stay focused and create as much detail as possible. Feel yourself breathing differently and your body reacting to the emotions. It should feel very real to you as though it has already happened.

5. Release the Image

Once you have captured the images and the emotions, you will release the image back into the universe. By sending your intentions back out, you are releasing it and letting go of any attachment to it. You are letting the Universe know that you have surrendered it and know that you will receive it when the time is right. Forget about it. Once you place an order for a product online, you don’t keep going back to the website checking to see if your order went through.

This is where you will have to work on your faith. Don’t doubt or question if it is going to happen, you have to have a KNOWING that it has already happened. Let the universe handle the details. When your intention is clear, the mechanism will appear.

6. Bless and Express Gratitude

Once you have released the images, send a blessing along with them. Bless your new home, your financial abundance, and your new relationship and then express Gratitude for each one. As Dr. Joe Dispenza states in his book Breaking the Habit of Being Yourself, “Gratitude is a the ultimate state of receivership.”

7. Work with Your Resistances

After you have completed the above steps, check with yourself to see if there is any resistance. Fear is usually the catalyst that can sabotage our intentions. Take note of any fears that you may be holding on to and which parts you resist. Try to express them in words. For example, here are some fears you might encounter when you think about manifesting a million dollars:

  • It will be too stressful
  • How will I ever earn that?
  • People will be intimidated by me
  • Life will get complicated
  • Fear I will lose it all

If you want your intentions to manifest, it is important to eliminate those fears that are conflicting with your intentions. Once all the fear is gone, your intentions will manifest quite easily. But as long as you fail to address your fears, no amount of force will permit your intentions to manifest.

One of the simplest ways to eliminate your fears is to accept them. Stop feeding your fears with intentional energy, and just allow them to be. For example, if you simply accept that if you manifested $1 million, then your bookkeeping may indeed be more complicated. Then you are no longer giving energy to that fear. You’ve downgraded the fear into an end result.

The difference between a fear and a consequence is acceptance. Fear, simply put, is False Evidence Appearing Real. Which is what makes us crazy. A consequence is an outcome you accept. When we give energy to the fear, you are essentially resisting your desire, therefore creating more fear and not allowing your manifestation of $1 million to happen. We manifest whatever we focus our thoughts on. Millionaires such as Bill Gates state that he always knew he was going to be a multi-millionaire. Get in that mindset and you will manifest your desires. This is what it means to become a “vibrational match” for your intentions.

Happy Manifesting!

Your Turn…

What about you?  Setting our intentions is the easy part, but what are your thoughts and words telling the universe?  If you’re trying to change a certain script in your life, start small and experience some success.  Build from there.  What has been stopping you from moving forward with change?  What rituals (or habits) do you want to change in your life?  Leave a comment below and share your thoughts.

Source: Author Tracy Todaro is Co-Founder of Invigorated Solutions.  Tracy is a certified Life Coach specializing in life transition coaching, career changes, major life changes and family matters.  She can be reached at info@invigoratedsolutions.com

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Contact WIH Resource Group
For more information, Visit our website by CLICKING HERE and contact us today to see how we can best serve you by phone at 480.241.9994 or by e-mail at admin@wihrg.com

WIH Resource Group’s Diversified Client-Specific Services include:

  • Waste Management Consulting
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  • Collection, Processing, Transfer & Disposal Procurement
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ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP
WIH Resource Group is a global leader and provider of comprehensive waste management consulting, recycling, transportation / logistical and business solutions, specializing in, among other services, waste management operational performance assessments, financial analysis. transportation / logistics, alternative fuel solutions, solid waste planning, waste and recycling market studies, business development, business valuations, due diligence and Mergers and Acquistions (M&A) transactional support and environmental services.

WIH Resource Group’s experience includes the oversight of operations, maintenance, finance, human resources, business development, sales, safety and environmental compliance while maintaining responsibility for multi-million dollar publicly and privately held assets including: a variety of collection operations, Sub-title D and hazardous and Class II landfills, transfer stations, intermodal facilities, recycling centers, buyback centers, material recovery facilities, vehicle and container maintenance operations, call centers and payment processing operations.

Based in Phoenix, Arizona, the company serves both private companies and public sector Agency clients throughout North America and internationally.  To learn more about WIH Resource Group, Inc. visit http://www.wihrg.com .

For Additional information on WIH Resource Group, Inc. contact:
Bob Wallace, Principal & VP of Client Solutions
WIH Resource Group – Waste Management, Recycling and Logistical Solutions
Email: admin@wihrg.com Phone: 480-241-9994

Website: http://www.wihrg.com
Daily News Blog: http://www.wihresourcegroup.wordpress.com
Follow WIH Resource Group on Twitter: http://twitter.com/wihresource

WIH Resource Group’s White Paper on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fuel Use in Refuse Collection Vehicles Industry is Available for Purchasing:   The entire 65-plus page report and Appendices: $299.00 US Funds – Visa and Mastercard Accepted.

CLICK HERE to Order Your Copy today!

Phone: 480.241.9994 ~ E-mail: admin@wihrg.com

Should you have any questions about this news or general questions about our diversified services, please contact Bob Wallace, Principal & VP of Client Solutions at WIH Resource Group and Waste Savings, Inc. at admin@wihrg.com

Feel free to visit our websites for additional information on our services at: http://www.wihrg.com and our daily blog at https://wihresourcegroup.wordpress.com

WIH Resource Group on Linked In: http://www.linkedin.com/in/wihresourcegroup

Follow Bob Wallace and WIH Resource Group on Twitter: http://twitter.com/wihresource

Be sure to check out Invigorated Solutions, Inc.

  1. Follow @invigorsolution on Twitter
  2. Visit our website: http://www.invigoratedsolutions.com/
  3. Like our Facebook Page
  4. Follow Invigorated Solutions on Tumblr

About Invigorated Solutions

Passionate about life, learning, love and sharing their experiences of life, Bob & Tracy Wallace enjoy sharing their invigorated (energizing) solutions / advice and useful life tips for living life to the fullest on their popular life development blog, “Invigorated Solutions”.  Click HERE to visit our website for more valuable information.

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How To Manifest Intentions Without Resistance


If fear is cultivated it will become stronger, if faith is cultivated it will achieve mastery ~ John Paul Jones

Suppose you set a positive intention, focus your energy on its manifestation for the highest good of all, see the promising alpha reflection, and then watch your results completely stagnate. Why did your intention fail to manifest as quickly as you desired?

images

Whenever this happens the root cause is that you failed to become a vibrational match for your intentions. Probably without even realizing it, you remained stuck in a pattern of intending for your desires NOT to manifest, thereby sabotaging yourself from making progress.

What creates this drag? The answer is your fears. Most of the time, your fears are subconscious. You aren’t even aware of them, so they sabotage you from the shadows. Your fears act as intentions which keep your desires from manifesting. The more you resonate with fear, the worse your results will be when consciously trying to apply the Law of Attraction. The LoA is still working fine, but you’ll be inclined to think it doesn’t work because your fears will cause you to keep manifesting more of the same. And the harder you push, the more your fears push back.

In this article I’ll offer you a process for bringing your fears to the surface and getting them out of your way, so you can stop them from interfering with your positive intentions. This will allow you to manifest your desires faster and more easily.

Intentions are a package deal

When you set a goal or an intention and begin moving towards it much more slowly than you’d like, the drag you experience comes from your fears, not the external world. If you put all your energy into changing your external circumstances without addressing your fears, your progress will be extremely slow, if you even move at all.

How can you identify the fears that interfere with your positive intentions? Here’s a fairly straightforward way to do it:

First, imagine you’ve already manifested your intention in its entirety. Sit quietly and just imagine it as being real right now. Don’t imagine it happening in the future — imagine it right now. You’re already there. It’s a done deal. Take a few minutes to make it as real as possible.

Now do some role-playing in your imagination. Mentally act out a few different scenarios to get a feel for what your life will really be like once this intention has become your present reality. Consider the major side effects. How will the achievement of this goal affect your health, finances, relationships, career, spiritual practice, etc? In what other ways will it change you? No change occurs in isolation, so how will this change ripple outward and create other changes? Try to get a clear sense of the whole package of changes, and see if you can figure out where your life might re-stabilize after the initial change.

For example, if your intention is to manifest a million dollars, imagine how that extra money will affect the other parts of your life. How will it affect your family, your friendships, your living situation, your career, your taxes, your eating habits, your spending habits, your spirituality? How will this one change create a tidal wave of other changes? Where will you actually end up when the dust finally settles?

Don’t idealize or demonize these side effects. Do your best to imagine the most realistic results you can.

Manifesting a million dollars, losing 50 pounds, getting married, moving to a new city, or switching careers are significant changes. A common mistake we make when putting out new intentions is that we consider those intentions in isolation, failing to account for the complete package of side effects.

If you spend even 10 minutes doing this exercise (longer is good too), you’ll notice there’s a lot more to your intentions than you initially realized. But if you don’t consider these side effects when focusing on your intentions, then your intentions will have little power to manifest because deep down, you’ll know they don’t represent a realistic, stable situation.

If you want your intentions to manifest, then you need to understand that they’re a package deal. You have to accept and intend the whole package, not just the convenient parts.

Uncovering hidden fears that sabotage your intentions

When you consider the whole package of your intentions, you’ll notice some internal resistance. Some parts of your visualization will be wonderful, while other parts will seem undesirable. For example, if your intention is to manifest a million dollars, and you know deep down that one of your close friends simply won’t be able to handle it because s/he responds negatively to anyone with that kind of money, then you may feel some resistance about manifesting the money. You want the intention, but you’re unhappy with the side effects.

Any undesirable elements that come up during this exercise will be pointers to your fears.

What holds you back from being totally congruent with your intentions isn’t the total package itself, since that package is (so far) only in your imagination. What holds you back is the fear that arises when you consider the total package. Going back to the example of your friend who responds negatively to financial wealth, your friend isn’t holding you back at all. It’s the fear of your friend’s reaction that’s the real culprit. Even if you never told your friend about your intention to manifest a million dollars, you’d still suffer the intention-blocking effects of your fear. Both your fears and your desires exist only within your consciousness at this point, not in the physical world, so the entire conflict is an internal one. But a lack of internal congruency is all it takes to kill your best intentions.

As you explore your visualization of the total package, take note of which parts you resist, and try to express them in words. For example, here are some fears you might list when you think about manifesting a million dollars:

  • fear that you’ll lose the money foolishly after putting so much energy into manifesting it
  • fear that your life will become too complicated trying to manage the money
  • fear that you’ll be stingy with the money, thereby having to admit you’re a stingy person
  • fear that your accounting and tax situation will become more complicated
  • fear that the money will strain your relationships
  • fear that the money will distract you from what’s most important to you
  • fear that managing the money will be stressful
  • fear that having more money will create more responsibility
  • fear that the money will isolate you, distancing you from your peers
  • and so on

Make a list like the one above for your own intentions. What fears arise when you imagine the total package? Where do you experience resistance?

One good fear is all it takes to keep your positive intentions from manifesting.
Fear keeps you from becoming a vibrational match for your desires.

From fear to acceptance

If you want your intentions to manifest, you must eliminate the fears that conflict with your intentions. Once all the fear is gone, your intentions will manifest quite easily. But as long as you fail to address your fears, no amount of force will permit your intentions to manifest.

One of the simplest ways to eliminate your fears is to accept them. Stop feeding your fears with intentional energy, and just allow them to be. For example, if you simply accept that if you manifested $1 million, that yes, your tax situation would become more complicated, then you’re no longer turning that drawback into a fear. You’ve downgraded the fear into a consequence.

The difference between a fear and a consequence is acceptance. A fear is an outcome you resist. A consequence is an outcome you accept. When you fear part of the package that surrounds your desire, you effectively resist your desire, meaning that you intend it NOT to manifest. But when you accept the total package, you allow your desire to manifest without resistance. This is what it means to become a “vibrational match” for your intentions.

If you aren’t ready to accept the total package surrounding your desires, then you aren’t ready to manifest your desires.

This was a particularly difficult lesson for me to learn. Once I understood that if I wanted to manifest a new desire, I had to accept the whole package of side effects without resistance, I began getting noticeably better results with the Law of Attraction.

Lately I’ve been testing the LoA in the financial area of my life because it’s easy to measure the results to assess how well it’s working. When I began intending greater financial abundance with the Million Dollar Experiment kickoff in November 2005, I made some early progress, but I wondered why the money didn’t manifest instantly if the LoA truly works. Why should the LoA require the passage of time to manifest anything? Eventually when I tried the above exercise of visualizing the whole package, it became obvious that I was resisting (aka fearing) the side effects of having a million dollars. Even though my intentions were positive, my fear was still creating a lot of drag.

One by one I’ve been working on those fears by acknowledging and accepting them as consequences. Once I release my resistance, I create an empowering belief to replace the fear. This just means I take the same consequence and find a way to interpret it as a positive instead of a negative (via Creative Observation). For example, if I fear having a million dollars because it will complicate my tax situation, I first accept it as a consequence by letting go of my resistance. I admit to myself, “OK, so more money will mean a more complicated tax situation. That’s just a fact to be accepted, not something dreadful I need to fear. I can deal with it.” Then I shift it over to an empowering belief by saying, “If I have more money, I can hire a good accountant to handle my taxes, so even though my situation may be more complicated, I’ll be able to afford all the help I need.”

As another example I worried that some people would react negatively to my attempts to attract greater financial abundance, misjudging my motives and assuming I’m “just in it for the money,” especially as I reach beyond the survival income range and into the abundance range. But I realized this is totally my issue, not anyone else’s. If my motives are honorable and genuinely focused on serving the highest good of all, then I needn’t worry about anyone’s opinion of me. The very fact that I’m so concerned about this issue indicates that I care far more about service than I do about money anyway. My external reputation is out of my control because it exists purely in other people’s minds, so I can’t allow myself to become attached to it. I can only do my best and accept the consequences. I choose to focus on the good I can do with more money, including finding new ways to explore and express my purpose.

Has this process of working through my fears been effective? I have no doubt that it has. I can feel how much my energy has shifted over the past year. Consider that today this website generates more than 10x the income it did a year ago, and my expectation is that it will generate at least $500,000 in 2007 if I simply continue doing what I’m already doing. Moreover, I can envision a clear and unobstructed path to an income of $100,000 per month. This money isn’t flowing because I’m forcing it — I’m simply allowing it to arrive. The real work isn’t what I do with my business — it’s what I do with my consciousness.

I absolutely, positively must credit this financial increase to working through my fears, accepting them as consequences, and replacing them with empowering beliefs. In the past several months, the money has been flowing in such avalanches it’s almost ridiculous how easy it is… easy from a business standpoint, but still a challenge to work through those fears.

This process requires some deep self-assessment and introspection, so it’s not an overnight fix by any means. For me it’s been extremely eye-opening though. I’ve been amazed at just how many fears came up that I needed to deal with. I realized that in order to overcome a fear, I must first identify it. It’s become abundantly clear that the more I work though my fears, the faster my results improve.

I still have more internal resistance to deal with, so I’m certainly not done yet. But I know that this process works.

The really insidious part — the part that keeps me up at night thinking about it — is whether the intention of the Million Dollar Experiment itself is responsible for my discovering that I needed to work through my fears to allow the original intention to manifest. Will a powerful intention actually manifest the very tools necessary to help it manifest? Consider that this website is the central hub of the Million Dollar Experiment. If I can successfully manifest $1 million via the experiment’s intention, then I’ll surely explain all the details here and offer whatever insights I can into how to accelerate the process, thereby potentially enabling thousands of other participants to use the same process to generate their $1 million as well. Could it be that the mere intention is all it takes to get the ball rolling — and keep it rolling — even in the presence of deep-seated resistance?

Your Turn…

If you’re trying to change a certain script in your life, start small and experience some success. Build from there.  What has been stopping you from moving forward with change?  What rituals (or habits) do you want to change in your life?  Leave a comment below and share your thoughts.

Source: zenlama.com

Republished by: Invigorated Solutions, Inc.

  1. Follow @invigorsolution on Twitter
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About Invigorated Solutions

Passionate about life, learning, love and sharing their experiences of life, Bob & Tracy Wallace enjoy sharing their invigorated (energizing) solutions / advice and useful life tips for living life to the fullest on their popular life development blog, “Invigorated Solutions”.  Click HERE to visit our website for more valuable information.

Health, Love, Life, Career, Emotions - Invigorated Solutions - Energized Life Opportunities

Scales Why Are Waste Operations Installing On-Board Scales?


Given the rising cost of operating waste collection vehicles, it is becoming more important to evaluate the use of on-board weighing systems to reduce operating costs, meet new safety standards and improve fleet efficiency.system3Electronic on-board scales are not new. They were introduced more than 30 years ago into trucking applications where monitoring gross vehicle or payload weight was necessary, but where platform scales were not readily available.

Over the years, improvements were made to these early electronic on-board scales.  Load cells were improved and specialty load cells were developed for fifth wheel applications. Center hanger solutions were created for 4-spring applications, single point load cells for single point suspensions and other solutions for most other spring suspensions. Strain gage based air sensors were added for an increasing number of air ride suspensions, and deflection suspension transducers for certain types of spring suspensions.  Hydraulic sensors were designed for vehicles equipped with hydraulic lift cylinders. Today, on-board scales can be installed on most trucks or trailers with air, spring or mixed suspensions (see On-Board Scale Configurations).

Key Benefits

Based on this product evolution, the applications for on-board scales are rapidly expanding and are found in almost every trucking industry. Organizations using on-board scales are reaping benefits far beyond just monitoring gross vehicle weight to avoid overweight fines. Given the high cost of time and equipment, on-board scales are having a dramatic impact on the efficiency and profitability of operating a vehicle or fleet. Following are some key benefits that on-board scales offer.

Vehicle Efficiency

Optimize residential and commercial vehicle efficiency by hauling the maximum legal payload on every trip to the landfill or transfer station without going to a platform scale. Searching for and using a platform to determine payload involves an additional step that diminishes efficiency.  The fee to obtain a weight from a platform itself involves a cost of approximately $9.00 per trip, but that is the least of the additional expenses incurred.  The driver time to travel to the scale, use the scale, and return is an expense incurred at the driver’s hourly compensation rate. In addition, the additional mileage traveled is an expense incurred at the operating cost of the vehicle. Knowing and then maximizing payload weight while loading helps avoid these added costs.

Eliminate Overweight Fines

Eliminating overweight fines typically is a secondary benefit to the many benefits of operating more efficiently. Paying less in fines saves money that could otherwise go to the bottom line. Fines often compound as the amount over the legal limit increases, and many public entities continue to seek alternate streams of revenue so the trend to fine for overweight loads is likely to continue. In addition, in some jurisdictions overweight fines escalate to misdemeanors as the amount over the legal limit exceeds affecting both drivers and their employer.

Transfer Trailer Load Weight
Transfer trailers to the maximum legal weight quickly at the loading point, without waiting in scale lines or driving to the nearest platform scale. You will never have to off-load and then re-load to get it right. Waiting in line to load costs in operator time at hourly compensation rates, vehicle operating costs and unnecessary fuel costs. When a drive is unable to know or maximize a load the first time, the result is often either being overloaded or underloaded.  In either case, this can result in a second or third trip to either add more or remove more weight. By loading to a maximum legal weight the first time, these operator vehicle and fuel costs are incurred once instead of multiple times.  An added benefit is to reduce the potential that an operator will decide to go ahead and proceed when overloaded to avoid a second or third trip rather than removing the overload. Or that an operator will proceed underloaded thereby under-using the capacity instead of adding more load.

Costs and Vehicle Life

Reduce maintenance costs and increase vehicle life by hauling loads that the vehicle was designed to carry. Many maintenance managers claim that on-board scales pay for themselves with reduced engine, brake and structural maintenance costs. Vehicles and related equipment are specified for a certain capacity. Any load less than capacity does not fully use the capital equipment or the operator’s capacity, and creates unnecessary fuel consumption via an inefficient trip and the need for more trips to haul the same payload. One example in a related industry was a fleet that was encouraged to not overload such that the average payload over time was 70 percent of capacity. By implementing on-board scales, approaching maximum payload at the point of loading allowed the same amount of product to be hauled by 20 to 30 percent less vehicles resulting in lower operating, maintenance and capital equipment costs, and less liability exposure. Another potential benefit involves equipment warranty. Vehicles with specified payload capacities typically carry warranty with a time limit and subject to operating a vehicle within specified limits, so consistently loading and operating a vehicle to but not above the legal limit helps simplify warranty claims and discussions.

Safety and Liability

Increase safety and eliminate liability exposure by keeping weight within legal limits allowing braking distance to remain constant and tracking around corners to be more predictable. Braking distance increases with weight. If a vehicle is overloaded, the braking distance required increases. Cornering also degrades when a vehicle is overweight—another safety concern. If an accident occurs involving an overload vehicle, that is an element that is considered fault and damages.

Driver Retention

Increase driver retention by assuring a safe load and no exposure to overweight fines. Providing drivers with tools to perform their job efficiently and safely is one key element to obtaining and retaining the best operators. Additionally, providing an on-board weighing system that allows them to maximize payload without overloading reduces exposure to overweight fines, and even misdemeanors in some jurisdictions.

Operation Efficiency

Improve operation efficiency by recording weights, load cycles, dump cycles and route/service times. Knowing your loaded truck weight is a critical component to the overall efficiency of your fleet. This information allows you to make decisions regarding your routes, billing and maintenance. With the increasing use of on-board computers, wireless communications and GPS equipment, weight information can be collected and transmitted real time back to the home office, so decisions can be made on the fly or records kept monitoring the capacity and efficiency of the operation over an extended time period.

Trends

When waste operations consider the benefits obtained from on-board scales, they typically calculate their payback to be from three to 12 months. This will shorten in the future as the cost to haul without on-board scales continues to increase due to the following industry trends:

  • Increasing competition and the need to improve efficiency and reduce costs
  • Increasing enforcement of overweight regulations
  • Increasing need to reduce liability exposure
  • Increasing difficulty finding and retaining competent drivers
  • Increasing demand for more information

A Dramatic Impact

On-board weighing systems provide significant benefits to waste companies, and given today’s high cost of time and equipment, installing a scale system can have a dramatic impact on the profitability of operating vehicles. However, it is important to talk to a knowledgeable supplier with a wide range of products and experience installing and supporting on-board scales. There are many types of scale technologies and it is critical to invest in a system that meets the vehicles specific requirements and your company’s long-term goals.

On-Board Scale Configurations

Body scales, suspension scales, front fork scales and shear pin load cells used on roll-off scales directly measure the load and are proven to be the most accurate and reliable over an extended period of time. They work by being installed on the vehicle in configurations to directly measure the load.

Body Scales—Body scales are installed between the body and frame of rear loaders, side loaders or front loaders to provide optimal performance. In these applications the body weight is transferred directly through the load cells allowing the strain gauges to measure a voltage change that relates to changing loads.

Fork Scales—Fork scales are another solution for a front loader where the principle is essentially the same. As the front forks pick up a container, the weight is transferred through the fork itself. In this application, strain gauges installed in the front fork load cells measure a voltage change indicating bin weight that the operator can monitor, record and use for decision-making.

Suspension Scales—Suspension scales of all types exist to provide the full benefits of a load cell scale system. These are most often applied in transfer station environments using fifth wheel load cells on transfer tractors or yard tractors to measure weight directly. For transfer trailers a variety of load cell solutions exist such as center hanger suspension scales, single point load cells and Chalmers suspension scales. All of these spring solutions use direct load measurement and can be mixed and matched.

Roll-Off Scales—Roll-off scales are another way to scale roll-offs using shear pin load cells, and are the most common method to obtain optimal performance.  In this specific application load cell shear pins are installed in the rear hinge assembly to measure the rear of the container. The weight of the front of the container is often obtained by measuring the hoist cylinder pressure with a hydraulic pressure sensor, or sometimes by installing load cells or shear pins under the hoist assembly depending on configuration and application requirements.

Secondary Measurement Devices—Secondary measurement devices such as deflection transducers measure the deflection of a part of the vehicle such as a suspension member or axle. They are mounted on suspension equalizing beams, rear end housings, or axles of the vehicle and measure the deflection of the axle or suspension under load to correlate to the weight.

Secondary Pressure Sensors—Secondary pressure sensors such as air sensors measure changes in air bag pressure to correlate to weight. Mixed air and spring scale solutions are often the best fit for a variety of application requirements depending on configurations, cost and user objectives.

About the Author: Waste Advantage Magazine & Byron Mucke

Source: WIH Resource Group, Inc. – Waste Management Consulting, Recycling, Environmental, Transportation, M&A & Alternative Fuels Solutions for Business & Government

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For More Information, visit WIH Resource Group’s You Tube by Clicking HERE

 

Contact WIH Resource Group
For more information, Visit our website by CLICKING HERE and contact us today to see how we can best serve you by phone at 480.241.9994 or by e-mail at admin@wihrg.com.  Follow us on Twitter @WIHResource

WIH Resource Group’s Diversified Client-Specific Services

  • Waste Management Consulting
  • Recycling Programs Optimization
  • Alternative Fuels for Truck Fleets & Landfills / BioCNG
  • Research & Polling – Customer Satisfaction Surveys
  • Landfill Operations Consulting
  • Business and Assets Appraisals & Valuations
  • Collection, Processing, Transfer & Disposal Procurement
  • M&A Due Diligence
  • Waste to Energy & New Technology Evaluation Environmental Services
  • Expert Testimony/Litigation Support
  • Facility Planning & Design
  • Finance and Economic Analysis
  • Mergers, Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Operations & Performance Assessment (OPAs)
  • Planning – Solid Waste, Recycling and Program
  • Program Management & Capital Project Planning
  • Rates, Financial Analyses & Appraisals
  • Rates and Regulatory Support
  • Recycling Program Design
  • Renewables / Clean Energy Technology

Click here to request more information about these services and WIH RESOURCE GROUP.

38 of the Most Inspirational Leadership Quotes…Ever


No one can deny the power of a good quote. They motivate and inspire us to be our best.

managers-leaders

 

 

 

 

Here are 38 of my absolute favorites:

1. “I alone cannot change the world, but I can cast a stone across the water to create many ripples.” -Mother Teresa

2. “I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.” -Maya Angelou

3. “Whether you think you can or you think you can’t, you’re right.” -Henry Ford

4. “Perfection is not attainable, but if we chase perfection we can catch excellence.” -Vince Lombardi

5. “Life is 10 percent what happens to me and 90 percent of how I react to it.” -Charles Swindoll

6. “If you look at what you have in life, you’ll always have more. If you look at what you don’t have in life, you’ll never have enough.” -Oprah Winfrey

7. “Remember no one can make you feel inferior without your consent.” -Eleanor Roosevelt

8. “I can’t change the direction of the wind, but I can adjust my sails to always reach my destination.” -Jimmy Dean

9. “Nothing is impossible, the word itself says ‘I’m possible’!” -Audrey Hepburn

10. “To handle yourself, use your head; to handle others, use your heart.” -Eleanor Roosevelt

11. “Too many of us are not living our dreams because we are living our fears.” -Les Brown

12. “Do or do not. There is no try.” -Yoda

13. “Whatever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve.” -Napoleon Hill

14. “Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn’t do than by the ones you did do, so throw off the bowlines, sail away from safe harbor, catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.” -Mark Twain

15. “I’ve missed more than 9000 shots in my career. I’ve lost almost 300 games. Twenty-six times I’ve been trusted to take the game winning shot and missed. I’ve failed over and over and over again in my life. And that is why I succeed.” -Michael Jordan

16. “Strive not to be a success, but rather to be of value.” -Albert Einstein

17. “I am not a product of my circumstances. I am a product of my decisions.” -Stephen Covey

18. “When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it.” -Henry Ford

19. “The most common way people give up their power is by thinking they don’t have any.” -Alice Walker

20. “The most difficult thing is the decision to act, the rest is merely tenacity.” -Amelia Earhart

21. “It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light.” -Aristotle Onassis

22. “Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant.” -Robert Louis Stevenson

23. “The question isn’t who is going to let me; it’s who is going to stop me.” -Ayn Rand

24. “If you hear a voice within you say, ‘You cannot paint,’ then by all means paint and that voice will be silenced. -Vincent Van Gogh

25. “Build your own dreams, or someone else will hire you to build theirs.” -Farrah Gray

26. “Remember that not getting what you want is sometimes a wonderful stroke of luck.” -Dalai Lama

27. “A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new.” -Albert Einstein

28. “What’s money? A man is a success if he gets up in the morning and goes to bed at night and in between does what he wants to do.” -Bob Dylan

29. “I have been impressed with the urgency of doing. Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Being willing is not enough; we must do.” -Leonardo da Vinci

30. “When one door of happiness closes, another opens, but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one that has been opened for us.” -Helen Keller

31. “When I was 5 years old, my mother always told me that happiness was the key to life. When I went to school, they asked me what I wanted to be when I grew up. I wrote down ‘happy.’ They told me I didn’t understand the assignment, and I told them they didn’t understand life.” -John Lennon

32. “The only person you are destined to become is the person you decide to be.” -Ralph Waldo Emerson

33. “Everything you’ve ever wanted is on the other side of fear.” -George Addair

34. “We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.” -Plato

35. “Nothing will work unless you do.” -Maya Angelou

36. “Believe you can and you’re halfway there.” -Theodore Roosevelt

37. “What we achieve inwardly will change outer reality.” -Plutarch

38. “Control your own destiny or someone else will.” – Jack Welch

Did I miss any? Please share your favorite quotes for others to enjoy in the comments section below.

About the Author: Dr. Travis Bradberry, Coauthor Emotional Intelligence 2.0 & President at TalentSmart

Source: WIH Resource Group, Inc. – Waste Management Consulting, Recycling, Environmental, Transportation, M&A & Alternative Fuels Solutions for Business & Government

For More Information, visit WIH Resource Group’s You Tube by Clicking HERE

 

Contact WIH Resource Group
For more information, Visit our website by CLICKING HERE and contact us today to see how we can best serve you by phone at 480.241.9994 or by e-mail at admin@wihrg.com.  Follow us on Twitter @WIHResource

WIH Resource Group’s Diversified Client-Specific Services

  • Waste Management Consulting
  • Recycling Programs Optimization
  • Alternative Fuels for Truck Fleets & Landfills / BioCNG
  • Research & Polling – Customer Satisfaction Surveys
  • Landfill Operations Consulting
  • Business and Assets Appraisals & Valuations
  • Collection, Processing, Transfer & Disposal Procurement
  • M&A Due Diligence
  • Waste to Energy & New Technology Evaluation Environmental Services
  • Expert Testimony/Litigation Support
  • Facility Planning & Design
  • Finance and Economic Analysis
  • Mergers, Acquisitions and Divestitures
  • Operations & Performance Assessment (OPAs)
  • Planning – Solid Waste, Recycling and Program
  • Program Management & Capital Project Planning
  • Rates, Financial Analyses & Appraisals
  • Rates and Regulatory Support
  • Recycling Program Design
  • Renewables / Clean Energy Technology

Click here to request more information about these services and WIH RESOURCE GROUP.