Seattle to ink new trash-collection contracts worth $850M


The new 10-year contracts say the Recology and Waste Management trucks must be powered by 100 percent renewable fuels.

The City Council voted unanimously Monday to clear Seattle Public Utilities (SPU) to sign new long-term contracts for solid-waste collection.

The 10-year contracts with Recology and Waste Management will see the city pay out an estimated $850 million and will require both companies to use only trucks powered by renewable fuels or electricity.

SPU last signed major contracts for solid-waste pickup in 2008, choosing CleanScapes and Waste Management. In 2011, CleanScapes merged with Recology, and the resulting company now does business as Recology.

The two contractors collect garbage, recyclables and compost from all of Seattle’s residents, garbage from all of its businesses and garbage and recyclables from city containers in public spaces.

In 2017, they collected a combined 418,000 tons of garbage, recyclables and waste, according to a council memo.

With the existing contracts set to expire in March 2019, SPU issued a request for proposals.  There were four bidders and an internal-evaluation committee recommended Seattle stick with the incumbents.

The new contracts together are about $5 million cheaper per year than the existing contracts, said Hans Van Dusen, SPU’s solid-waste contracts manager.

The contracts, which will begin in April 2019, say the companies’ primary fleets must by then consist exclusively of trucks no older than 2018 and powered by 100 percent renewable fuels.

Recology’s fleet will use diesel sourced from animal fats and vegetable oils. Waste Management will use natural gas certified as organic based on contributions to the natural-gas grid from landfills.

As of 2013, no trucks in the Recology and Waste Management fleets were powered by 100 percent renewable fuels, Van Dusen said.

Waste Management’s fleet now meets that standard, and Recology’s will soon, he said.

Councilmember Lisa Herbold, who chairs the council’s utilities committee, asked SPU in September to push for electric trucks.

Recology will deploy at least two electric collection trucks and Waste Management will use some electric route-management and street-crew trucks.

The companies will continue weekly garbage and compost pickup and every-other-week recyclables pickup, but the new contracts say SPU may at some point allow customers to choose every-other-week garbage pickup.

Seattle has other, separate contracts for garbage processing and disposal and for recyclables sorting and processing.  Most Seattle businesses do their own contracting for recycling and compost collection.

Source: The Seattle Times & WIH Resource Group

ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP, INC. (WRG)

WIH Resource Group is global leader providing of diversified environmental (waste and recycling), financial, expert witness services, transportation / logistics consulting solutions to its Clients throughout North America and internationally.

WRG provides solutions to complex challenges to its clients in the areas of environmental, alternative fuel fleet conversion studies, customer satisfaction surveys, fleet management matters, equipment and assets valuations, mergers & acquisitions (M&A), landfill gas management, renewable energy, waste & recycling collections, business process improvement, procurement services assistance, waste management operations, recycling processing, transfer stations, operational performance assessments (OPAs), recycling facilities (MRFs) studies, transportation and other feasibility and related financial analysis.

Formed in 2005, WRG’s Team consists of subject matter experts from the waste, recycling, alternative fuels, and transportation industries from both the public and private sectors.  WRG’s Team of experts have over 150 years of combined experience.

CLICK HERE to learn more about the rest of the Team of subject matter experts at WIH Resource Group.

For more information about WIH Resource Group’s diversified client services, and how we can best serve you, visit www.wihrg.com

Contact us today to see how we can best serve you at 480.241.9994 or admin@wihrg.com

Visit our new website!   www.wihresourcegroup.com

wihwebsite

YOUR GLOBAL LEADER IN CONSULTING

Celebrating a decade in business, WIH Resource Group is a global provider of professional technical and management support services to a broad range of markets, including waste management, recycling, financials, transportation, M&A due diligence and support, alternative fuel fleet conversions, facilities, environmental, energy for private sector business and government clients.

WIH Resource Group is a leader in all of the key markets that it serves. WIH Resource Group provides a blend of global reach, local knowledge, innovation and technical excellence in delivering solutions that create, enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments.  WIH Resource Group serves clients in more than 175 key markets internationally.

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Why Expert Witnesses are Important For Your Legal Case


If you have watched any courtroom dramas in your life, you have heard the term “expert witness.” What are expert witnesses, and what role do they play in a court case? Why is it so important to have an expert witness testimony, be it criminal or civil? An expert witness is essential to your case, and here is why.

Expert Witnesses Have Practical and Court Experience

Expert witnesses are “expert” for more than one reason. They are always recognized experts in their field—an expert psychologist, for example, will have a lot of experience in his field and will be noted and credentialed in the specific area of psychology that your case is addressing. He, or she, will have published extensively and be known by any in his field as an expert.

In addition, expert witnesses will have experience in similar court cases. Not just any expert psychologist will count as an expert witness. An expert witness will have testified in similar cases before, which combined with their knowledge of the topic will enable them to present the facts of the case in a clear and concise manner that will help the jury and court understand what is going on. They know how to get around or explain complex jargon and get their point across.

Expert Witnesses Can Get Settlements

Nobody wants a court case to drag on for years of challenges, counter-claims and appeals, and nobody wants the initial proceedings to go on for months of painful testimony. Just the knowledge that an expert witness is involved alone can have a huge effect on settling a case without a lot of painful proceedings.

Expert Witnesses are Impartial

This is vital. Expert witnesses are impartial and unbiased. That means that while technically they can help either side of the case, their testimony will not be viewed as questionable in any way by the jury or court. Expert witnesses will be known to have blemish-free ethics and unquestionable morality. The witness will have no relationship with anyone involved in the case, and will have no motives to aid either side (though sometimes they may know one or the other attorney from having worked in prior cases). This impartiality will ease the court’s mind about any testimony the witness gives, reassuring them that the testimony is both valid and important.

Expert Witnesses Offer Insight as Well as Facts

Even if there is not a great deal of complex testimony and jargon to be explained, an expert witness can still be vital in offering insight into the case that other people might not consider. The testimony of an expert witness can often go a long way towards establishing things like motive or lack thereof, or the details of a circumstance that a lay person might not otherwise consider. Such insights can actually make or break a court case.

Choosing the Right Expert Witness

When choosing an expert witness you will want to make sure there are some key factors that we look for. Among these factors are:

  1. Professional experience and track record
  2. Strong history of court testimony in similar cases, as a representative for both plaintiff and defendant
  3. Current and active participation in his field of expertise
  4. Current credentials
  5. Articulate and Analytical

As an example, it does you no good to have an expert in surgery who does not have a current doctorate in their field, who isn’t currently practicing, and who just got their education last week. Nor will it necessarily be helpful if your witness has never before sat before a jury and testified—this experience cannot be undervalued.

The reason you want an experienced, active and recognized expert to serve as your witness is that someone with the right amount of experience will not be rattled when the opposing side in the case tries to discredit their testimony, which they will attempt to do. Even if an expert has decades of experience in their field, a lack of experience in court can lead to them being unprepared to face the litany of questions that will come their way, challenging their expertise.

Likewise, if a witness has a reputation for only representing one side, their testimony can fairly easily be presented as biased by the opposition.

Engaging, Articulate, and Analytical

Your witness should not only know their field inside and out, but they should be able to break down any situation into its component parts, and articulate that analysis of the situation in a manner that is easily digestible and engaging for the jury. These qualities will always be helpful when it comes to persuading the court of your argument.

Here at WIH RESOURCE GROUP, one of our top priorities in any case is to get the right expert witness from our team to assist you. We can find the expert witness who will have all the qualities above and more, to help you win your case.

Visit our website and contact us today to discuss your case and how we can best serve you and your client.

Source: Bart Beier, Beier Law

ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP, INC. (WRG)

WIH Resource Group is global leader providing of diversified environmental (waste and recycling), financial, expert witness services, transportation / logistics consulting solutions to its Clients throughout North America and internationally.

WRG provides solutions to complex challenges to its clients in the areas of environmental, alternative fuel fleet conversion studies, customer satisfaction surveys, fleet management matters, equipment and assets valuations, mergers & acquisitions (M&A), landfill gas management, renewable energy, waste & recycling collections, business process improvement, procurement services assistance, waste management operations, recycling processing, transfer stations, operational performance assessments (OPAs), recycling facilities (MRFs) studies, transportation and other feasibility and related financial analysis.

Formed in 2005, WRG’s Team consists of subject matter experts from the waste, recycling, alternative fuels, and transportation industries from both the public and private sectors.  WRG’s Team of experts have over 150 years of combined experience.

CLICK HERE to learn more about the rest of the Team of subject matter experts at WIH Resource Group.

For more information about WIH Resource Group’s diversified client services, and how we can best serve you, visit www.wihrg.com

Contact us today to see how we can best serve you at 480.241.9994 or admin@wihrg.com

Visit our new website!   www.wihresourcegroup.com

wihwebsite

YOUR GLOBAL LEADER IN CONSULTING

Celebrating a decade in business, WIH Resource Group is a global provider of professional technical and management support services to a broad range of markets, including waste management, recycling, financials, transportation, M&A due diligence and support, alternative fuel fleet conversions, facilities, environmental, energy for private sector business and government clients.

WIH Resource Group is a leader in all of the key markets that it serves. WIH Resource Group provides a blend of global reach, local knowledge, innovation and technical excellence in delivering solutions that create, enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments.  WIH Resource Group serves clients in more than 175 key markets internationally.

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Click on an image below to take you to WRG’s other sites!

WIH RESOURCE GROUP SAYS STILL MORE EFFICIENCIES IN THE SOLID WASTE BUSINESS WITH BETTER TECHNOLOGY AND LOGISTICS


Bob Wallace, President of WIH Resource Group, was recently interviewed and featured in the Environmental Business Journal’s (EBJ) “Industry Overview 2018” Issue and the contents of the interview follow.

ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP

WIH Resource Group (WRG) is a global provider of professional, technical, and busines management support consulting services in a broad range of market sectors including waste management, recycling, financial, operational improvement, alternative fuels for fleets, route auditing, safety, transportation, mergers and acquisitions, expert witness, facilities, environmental, and renewable energy for both private sector businesses and government clients alike. As President of WIH Resource Group, Bob Wallace brings WRG’s clients more than 28 years of operational strategy and improvement expertise in all WIH service areas

INTERVIEW WITH BOB WALLACE OF WIH RESOURCE GROUP

EBJ: The municipal solid waste business is about 2/3 private industry and 1/3 public sector. Do you think it will remain the same? Or do you think there will be different trends in landfill ownership vs. collection networks?

Bob-Wallace

Bob Wallace, WIH Resource Group, Inc.

Wallace: The ownership division will remain virtually the same. As public sector landfills close across the country, alternatives are reviewed, and in most cases, municipalities are not bearing the cost of building new landfills. Instead, they enter into long term transport and disposal (T&D) agreements with large, privately owned, regional landfills.

EBJ: When you say the public-sector portion of the industry will remain about the same, does that mean it is unlikely that many major cities that still have municipal collection assets are unlikely to change? So, has the pace of privatization slowed or stagnated there?

Wallace: Correct, it is unlikely that major cities that have their own municipal owned and managed collection assets will change. However, we may see some additional privatization efforts in some cities, or at least more contract or franchise agreements with private companies like we’ve seen with the City of Los Angeles, where they instituted contract/franchise agreement for commercial collection (WIH Resource Group was part of the team over the past several years that consulted on that transition).

EBJ: In your opinion, which are the main challenges that the country faces in terms of solid waste management and how can the private and public industries contribute to its solution?

Wallace: The US government and industry need to determine if finding a viable, sustainable, profitable and long-term solution (business / industry use) to beneficial reuse of our stateside generated and collected recyclables can be achieved in the US without having to rely on countries like China that now dictate and control the recyclable commodity markets here.

EBJ: We know the number of landfills in the USA has declined, although the pace of decline has slowed. Do you think the numbers will continue to go down for some time or will we reach a sort of equilibrium?

Wallace: I think it will remain steady with some minor changes. As an example, we know of a several municipalities in the western US that are facing closure of their landfills in the next 2-5 years and are currently contemplating their alternatives – one in Oregon and in Colorado.  We anticipate this will result in them utilizing larger, regional, privately owned landfills, not building new municipal owned landfills.

EBJ: Why do we keep seeing a high number of small to medium size companies within the solid waste industry?

Wallace: There are a lot of former employees in the marketplace from the larger publicly traded companies, as well as out-of-industry players that find the waste and recycling sectors intriguing and figure out ways to do things differently and a bit better. In addition, while equipment is somewhat expensive, there are always niche business service segments that large companies overlook or can’t best serve with their business models. These gaps leave some opportunities for smaller players who can provide excellent customer service at a fair ROI to themselves and / or their investors.

EBJ: What impact can the tax reform bill have in the industry?

Wallace: It may allow smaller companies to benefit in buying newer or later model equipment with the tax savings and/or allow them to offer a bit higher pay to attract drivers and staff to compete with larger companies. The large companies will of course benefit too as their vertical integration will reap increased profits with lower tax rates, yielding greater return to stockholders – a great reward for the waste industry.

EBJ: How is technology shaping the industry? Which are these technologies? What opportunities do you see in technology and automation?

Wallace: As we know, and following the trends in the electronics technology arena, the word “smart” is the new buzzword in the waste and recycling industry today as it is applied to cities, garbage trucks, container management, route optimization, onboard fleet management, telematics, alternative fuels such as compressed natural gas (CNG) trucks and robotics in the MRFs, among other things that utilize technology to collect data and manage waste and recycling operations – both in the public and private sectors. The waste industry has made great progress towards the future of collecting, transferring, separating, managing and the disposal of waste through technology.

While all of these added technologies are great, WIH Resource Group has encountered that more data does not necessarily lead to greater productivity and efficiency. It all depends on how the data collected it is utilized, managed and how both management and operators are held accountable for their actions and roles in their performance. A true strategic approach to the data management and repeated use of it to improve both performance and productivity is required in order for the results to drop to the top and bottom lines of any organization – public or private.

EBJ: What transportation, logistical and operational issues are companies struggling with the most and how do you suggest they overcome them?

Wallace: One issue is queuing / waiting times at transfer stations, MRFs and disposal sites to unload both collection trucks and transfer trucks. This has been, and continues to be, a productivity time waster for the industry. There doesn’t seem to be a “magic bullet” for overcoming the issue and in many cases, it depends on the site owners and how receptive they are at working on enhancing their site’s capacity to handle fluctuating volumes of garbage and transfer trucks throughout a typical work day.

One observation is that quite often, garbage truck drivers or transfer truck drivers tend to like to leave the main truck yard or transfer station in groups and at or around the same time, creating a pool of trucks arriving at the destination – MRF, transfer station or WTE facility, AD facility or landfill, all at the same time. Management of collection trucks and transfer trucks need to hold route supervisors, dispatchers and operators accountable for this behavior in order to improve their own bottom line and that of the receiving facilities.

EBJ: Your comments on queuing are intriguing. We have heard the solid waste business is like ‘Fedex in reverse’ or effectively a logistical equation of vehicles, routes, timing and personnel to maximize productivity. Do you agree, and is it the smaller companies or municipalities that suffer lack of sophistication here? Or is it TS or LFs that take waste from all sources so they can’t integrate data?

Wallace: It’s a combination of both. It’s interesting to talk about data integration and technology in the waste industry. Back in 2004, before I left Waste Management, we were integrating onboard computer technology, GPS, routing software and other fleet management optimization tools, and here we are 14 years later — and to a degree — things are largely still the same. Waste and recycling collection is always driven by the following primary factors: operator / driver on route productivity (homes serviced per hour), off route travel time to and from the transfer station, MRF or disposal site & related facility queuing times, and truck downtime (due to maintenance or accidents).

These are very basic factors that aren’t really going to improve, even with a lot of technology added to manage the drivers and fleet. Driver productivity, driver accountability, good fleet maintenance (reduced fleet downtime), driver safety and route manager accountability (through driver ride-alongs and regular and frequent route audits) and quick queuing times at facilities, are the real key drivers in operations being profitable and providing a good ROI for both public sector and private companies.
As the old saying goes, where we focus our attention, we see improvement.

All the technology being used is only as good as the people managing it and utilizing the data to improve their operations. There really isn’t one “silver bullet” to fix any operation. If the data provided by the use of technology isn’t used properly, and drivers and managers aren’t held accountable, no improvement to the operations will result. – Bob Wallace, WIH Resource Group

EBJ: What do you think have been some of the more important M&A transactions in the waste management business in the last 12 months or so? What should we expect in terms of industry consolidation?

Wallace: Republic Services’ acquisition of ReCommunity was the big one of 2017. The industry will continue to see small to medium size plays in terms of M&A deals and will most likely continue to see private equity investors placing bets (investing) in the industry as the waste and “environmental” industries always have strong curb appeal to private equity firms with industry profit margins offering stable and reliable return to investors. In 2017, we saw how a private investment firm bought the glass recycler, Strategic Materials, along with other smaller investments in the industry by private equity firms that are continuing into 2018.

EBJ: Could you provide some information regarding the Chinese ban on solid waste? Which are the types of waste included in the ban?

Wallace: The regulation was announced in July 2017 and bans 24 types of waste under four categories: certain types of mining slag, household waste plastics, unsorted waste paper and waste textiles. It came into effect on January 1st, 2018.

EBJ: How can this ban impact various industries in the United States (solid waste, recycling/scrap, manufacturing or other)? What could be some possible outcomes?

Wallace: Less recycling and more landfilling of materials that could otherwise have been recycled or beneficially reused. While China enacted these laws that impose strict purity-demands on certain materials, along with outright bans on other materials, this trash must now go somewhere else, so where is it going? To put it in simple terms: trash that cannot leave the country, must be disposed of within the country. Larger waste companies will benefit from this as disposal fees at landfills yield a higher margin for the waste companies than their return on the MRFs.

Also, the China ban on the import of 24 types of waste will send a wake up call to waste exporting countries and increase pressure to find more sustainable ways to dispose of and recycle waste, as well as tackle the issue at source by reducing the production of plastics and other disposable goods.

EBJ: What role does globalization play within the solid waste industry? How does it compare to other environmental industry sectors?

Wallace: The obvious one significant “play” point is the China ban affecting the U. S. recycling markets. In terms of other areas such as technology and equipment, the overseas barriers – shipping, warranty, customer service support, span of coverage, etc. – provides a competitive advantage for U. S. manufacturers of traditional equipment and technology to that of overseas competitors making solid waste more of a local issue and less global.

One area to watch will be the development and potential for EV garbage trucks to come to the US. These trucks are already growing in use in China. While there are a few EVs pilot programs in certain US cities, and a few private companies utilizing them, the Chinese are a bit ahead of us and their EVs appear to be more reliable and cost effective than their US counterparts.

EBJ: What is your personal belief about the U. S. data on per capita generation plateauing at 4. 4 lbs/day and the ‘recycling rate’ plateauing at 34% in EPA’s latest stats. What trajectory do you see most likely for these figures or possible scenarios?

Wallace: Any significant increase in recycling and reduction in per capita waste generation is only largely changed by local government and state mandates, such as California, to increase waste diversion and recycling – often and largely subsidized by government with incentives.

In other states and communities, the rates seem to have plateaued. Even California jurisdictions “recycling / recover rates” are skewed as they include items that really should not be considered true diversion or recycling. The individual jurisdictions aren’t really to blame as the State mandates have forced cities and counties to become creative to meet the State standards, so the posted recycling / recovery rates are inaccurate by national EPA comparative figures for other states.

In other words, better standards need to be agreed upon to obtain accurate data collection and reporting of recycling rates.

EBJ: Are there better macro-stats to measure and monitor trends?

Wallace: Not at present and only when national agreed upon standards could be applied for each State so that true comparisons can be made as to the real recycling / waste diversion rates on a State by State basis.

Be sure to check out and subscribe to the EBJ by CLICKING HERE.

Source: Environmental Business Journal (EBJ) & WIH Resource Group 2018 All rights reserved.

Also check out this great book by Author Tracy Todaro Wallace: “Forget What You Think You Know“, now on Amazon at http://amzn.to/2Gf8ga3

FWYTYK Cover

ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP, INC. (WRG)

WIH Resource Group is global leader providing of diversified environmental (waste and recycling), financial, expert witness services, transportation / logistics consulting solutions to its Clients throughout North America and internationally.

WRG provides solutions to complex challenges to its clients in the areas of environmental, alternative fuel fleet conversion studies, customer satisfaction surveys, fleet management matters, equipment and assets valuations, mergers & acquisitions (M&A), landfill gas management, renewable energy, waste & recycling collections, business process improvement, procurement services assistance, waste management operations, recycling processing, transfer stations, operational performance assessments (OPAs), recycling facilities (MRFs) studies, transportation and other feasibility and related financial analysis.

Formed in 2005, WRG’s Team consists of subject matter experts from the waste, recycling, alternative fuels, and transportation industries from both the public and private sectors.  WRG’s Team of experts have over 150 years of combined experience.

CLICK HERE to learn more about the rest of the Team of subject matter experts at WIH Resource Group.

For more information about WIH Resource Group’s diversified client services, and how we can best serve you, visit www.wihrg.com

Contact us today to see how we can best serve you at 480.241.9994 or admin@wihrg.com

Visit our new website!   www.wihresourcegroup.com

wihwebsite

YOUR GLOBAL LEADER IN CONSULTING

Celebrating a decade in business, WIH Resource Group is a global provider of professional technical and management support services to a broad range of markets, including waste management, recycling, financials, transportation, M&A due diligence and support, alternative fuel fleet conversions, facilities, environmental, energy for private sector business and government clients.

WIH Resource Group is a leader in all of the key markets that it serves. WIH Resource Group provides a blend of global reach, local knowledge, innovation and technical excellence in delivering solutions that create, enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments.  WIH Resource Group serves clients in more than 175 key markets internationally.

WIH Website logo

Click on an image below to take you to WRG’s other sites!

Landfill Sites are Finding Second Lives as Real Estate Properties


Innovative projects have sprung up over the years that house retail, apartments, golf courses, conference centers and hotels. Arlene Karidis | Mar 05, 2018

Developers have been converting closed landfills to other uses for decades, but for some time, they often ran up against site-related restrictions limiting what they could do with these sites. Today, engineering and design techniques have advanced to the point that a landfill could be converted to almost any real estate type—at least if the economics worked out.

In the past two years especially, there has been an uptick in projects, happening mostly in urban areas with strong real estate markets and scarce open space. One of the most high-profile conversions currently underway is New York City’s Freshkills Park, which will be three times the size of Central Park and sprawl one of the world’s largest, now defunct landfills.

But plenty of innovative projects have sprung up over the years that house retail, apartments, golf courses, conference centers and hotels, with one such complex using landfill gas to heat the hotel.

Shoreline Park in Mountain View, Calif., features an 18-hole golf course, clubhouse, restaurant and historical building for events as well as an amphitheater where spectators on the lawn literally sit on trash, though they would have no idea, says Pat Sullivan, senior vice president of SCS Engineers.

“To build these projects, you have to address issues like landfill settlement, which occurs more in some places than others,” says Sullivan. “So, parks and golf courses are among the most common redevelopments as they need open space and settlement affecting elevation is not an issue.”

It’s possible to design uses that must be flat, but there will be ongoing maintenance. Plus, designing and building for structural stability could run millions of dollars.

Another issue is keeping landfill gas out of structures, which requires installing methane protection systems and methane monitoring systems, putting membranes beneath foundations and sealing penetrations.

Engineers in the solid waste space are applying several structural design techniques that other industries have leveraged for years like building on piles, which has historically been done on marshlands and other unstable ground. They’re also designing floating foundations that allow for movement and making adjustments when differential settlements happen.

Over the years, SCS has designed landfill-related systems for 15 to 20 projects, mainly apartments, business complexes, entertainment complexes, hotels, parks and golf courses. In the past three years, the company has fielded calls from about 25 developers looking into options, resulting in five projects that have since moved into development stages.

The Freshkills project, which involves 2,200 acres of a closed landfill, began early planning stages 12 years ago. The first three sections are open, and the rest will roll out over the next 18 years.

Some features are athletic fields, kayak launches, horseback riding trails and art installations. There will eventually be a marina, waterfront dining and possibly a ferry service.

The landfill, which closed in 2001, has a long, controversial history.

“Staten Island neighborhoods that bordered the landfill [notorious for odor] loathed this dump. Freshkills was a defining attribute of this borough, and it left a scar on the community for 50 years, up until 2001,” says Eloise Hirsh, Freshkills park administrator.

The city began hosting tours and events and handed out materials with a basic explanation of what goes into building a landfill.

“We pointed out there has been a tremendous return of wildlife to this area, and it has the largest supply of grasslands in the region, which are important for avian habitat,” says Hirsh.  There have been landfill-related issues to address, such as final cover and stormwater systems.

“The planting soil layer is of special interest as the material must conform to the most restrictive New York State Department of Environmental Conservation residential standard, and we must be able to grow grass without external watering and with minimal erosion [to avoid leachate],” says Ted Nabavi, director of waste management engineering for the New York City Department of Sanitation.

Stormwater had to be routed to basins through stormwater control swales to manage runoff. This will entail ongoing maintenance of the swales, some of which are several thousand feet long with minimal slopes, says Nabavi.

Hirsh says the park department makes sure to explain to the public that these amenities stand on an engineered site.

“We want them to understand it’s been carefully designed and built. This is despite the fact that it does not look engineered,” says Nabavi “When they come, they see it’s what a natural park should be and are blown away by the beauty.”

Source: Waste360 & WIH Resource Group All rights reserved

Also check out this great book by Author Tracy Todaro Wallace: “Forget What You Think You Know“, now on Amazon at https://goo.gl/1BBxm6

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ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP, INC. (WRG)

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Why Alternative Fuel Vehicles Still Make Sense


There’s no denying that many early alternative fuel adopters made the transition years ago because gasoline and diesel were much more expensive in comparison. Although anyone at the pump knows traditional transportation fuel prices have remained relatively low for a while now, what might be in store for gasoline and diesel costs in the near future? And, more importantly, why are fleets across the U.S. still switching to alternative fuels, such as natural gas or propane autogas?

Regarding the first question, NGT News turned to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

Jonathan Cogan, spokesperson for the government agency, said the EIA found that average U.S. retail prices for gasoline and diesel in 2017 rose to $2.42/gal and $2.65/gal, respectively. Furthermore, the EIA forecasts further increases in the coming year and 2019.

“EIA expects the retail price of regular gasoline to average $2.51/gal during the first quarter of 2018, $0.19/gal higher than at the same time last year, primarily reflecting higher crude oil prices,” explained Cogan. “EIA expects that the U.S. monthly retail price of regular gasoline will increase from an average of $2.54/gal in January to a 2018 peak of $2.63/gal in August before falling to $2.47/gal in December 2018. The U.S. regular gasoline retail price, which averaged $2.42/gal in 2017, is forecast to average $2.57/gal in 2018 and $2.58/gal in 2019.”

Similarly, Cogan said, “The diesel fuel retail price averaged $2.65/gal in 2017, which was $0.34/gal higher than the average in 2016. The diesel price is forecast to average $2.95/gal in 2018 and $3.01/gal in 2019, driven higher primarily by higher crude oil prices and growing global diesel demand.”

Granted, despite the expected increases, those prices still aren’t as high as those that helped spur the alternative fuel vehicle revolution years ago.

“The reality is that, in 2017, the difference between natural gas and diesel was not significant,” said Daniel Gage, president of natural gas vehicle (NGV) trade group NGVAmerica.

“I hate to speculate on EIA forecasts, because they are just that – forecasts that often don’t prove true,” claimed Gage, who later acknowledged that “when diesel prices rise higher and higher, owners of larger fleets often look to other, lower-priced alternative fuel options like natural gas.

However, switching to an alternative fuel offers fleets a variety of benefits aside from potentially lower fuel prices alone.

Basin Disposal's (of Washington State) new CNG-powered residential garbage truck

“First, it’s environmentally friendly,” said Gage. Indeed, state and local governments and small and major companies are increasingly setting sustainability goals. Transportation fuels like natural gas and propane autogas help these institutions achieve their targets because the alternative fuels burn much cleaner than conventional fuel and, thus, reduce harmful emissions. In addition, Gage says the use of U.S.-produced alternative fuels “contributes to energy security and reduces our nation’s reliance on petroleum-based fuels,” which are often imported.

NGVs and autogas vehicles also often perform better in colder temperatures and require less maintenance than diesel vehicles. In the case of maintenance savings with natural gas, Gage said, “Its lack of lead means no fouling of spark plugs; crankcase oil is not diluted or contaminated. Its cleaner burning extends intervals between oil changes and tune-ups. It does not react to metal, so it is less corrosive.”

Phil Squair, senior vice president of governmental and public affairs at the National Propane Gas Association (NPGA), added, “There is no question that economic factors are the primary reason consumers switch from one fuel to another.”

That’s why continued support through federal, state and local funding is essential.

For example, Squair said, “State policies play a major role in autogas vehicle adoption.” Gage agreed about the importance of such policies, saying, “States can impact the adoption of natural gas technology primarily through the adoption of incentives and the supported development of refueling infrastructure.”

Myriad states have a long history of providing incentives to help fleets offset the cost of purchasing alternative fuel vehicles and to help fund the build-out of infrastructure. For example, Pennsylvania recently awarded more than $1.1 million to support five projects through its Alternative Fuel Incentive Grants program. Such programs throughout the country have spurred alternative fuel vehicle adoption and a growing network of refueling stations.

Squair noted that NPGA is also “pressing state regulators to adopt propane technologies” when using states’ funding from the Volkswagen diesel-emissions scandal settlement. “Propane is a very economic solution compared with other options, so state energy and other goals can be advanced in this manner,” he said. NGVAmerica has also launched a similar initiative advocating NGV adoption.

On the federal level, NGVAmerica and NPGA recently teamed up to push for the renewal of lapsed alternative fuel tax credits.

“The extension of the alternative fuel tax credit is so important,” stated Squair. “We are working with hundreds of other organizations to pass an extenders bill this Congress.”

Fleet adoption

Many fleets, large and small, still find alternative fuel vehicles attractive.

According to Gage, “Refuse and transit players are dominant in the [NGV] market. But medium- and heavy-duty vehicles and high-fuel-use applications – like smaller shuttle buses, delivery trucks, and light-duty pickups – also are popular natural gas candidates. Since natural gas vehicles can be refueled quickly (just like gas/diesel) or through time fill (slowly overnight, for example), it works for long-haul trucking along refueling corridors and fleets that return to base nightly.”

WIH Resource Group Fleet Fueling Solutions

Check out WIH Resource Group’s “Alternative Fuel Fleet Solutions” by clicking on the image above!

For example, Waste Management, a Houston-based provider of waste management services in North America, continues its major transition to natural gas as part of its sustainability efforts. The company currently operates a fleet of over 6,000 natural-gas-powered trucks, and it recently revealed plans for more compressed natural gas (CNG) refuse trucks slated for a new facility in South Carolina.

In a press release, Tracey Shrader, the area president for Waste Management, said, “We continue to be a leader in our industry by investing in CNG infrastructure and trucks fueled by CNG – a win for our customers, the environment, and Waste Management.”

When announcing a Miami-Dade Transit order for 300 CNG buses early last year, Alice N. Bravo, Miami-Dade County’s department of transportation and public works director, said, “By upgrading our fleet with CNG buses, we’re implementing a cost-effective approach to the reduction of our dependency on petroleum-based fuel and lowering our maintenance costs.”

In October, several United States Postal Service (USPS) contract-carriers inked CNG fuel- supply deals for new heavy-duty trucks. At the time, USPS’ Bridget Rice said, “Our carriers live in the very same communities we serve, and we continue to look for ways to reduce our impact on the environment. Since 2005, we have increased the use of alternative fuels by 141 percent, and we are encouraged that our contract-carriers are using alternative fuels as well.”

As for autogas, there has been “strong growth” of propane-powered bus adoption among school districts across the nation, according to Squair.

For example, Township High School District 211 in Illinois recently announced plans to add 15 autogas buses to its fleet. When explaining the decision, Diana Mikelski, District 211’s director of transportation, called propane “a good fit” and said it had “an overall lower cost, is more environmentally friendly and has increased winter reliability.”

Mikelski added, “Diesel buses have to be plugged in during the winter. Even then, the fuel can gel if it’s too cold. With propane buses, the fuel is not subject to gelling and the buses do not require electricity.”

In Ohio, Laketran recently announced an expansion of its propane-powered partransit bus fleet. General Manager Ben Capelle reported “positive feedback” from drivers and riders on its current autogas vehicles and said the agency is “reducing our fuel expenses by 35 percent and saving on maintenance expenses.”

In December, beverage company Nestle Waters North America announced it was significantly boosting its propane-powered fleet to 600 vehicles with the addition of 400 medium-duty delivery trucks.

We’ve been running propane autogas vehicles since 2014, beginning with five Class 5 vehicles,” explained Bill Ardis, national fleet manager for the company’s ReadyRefresh unit. “Based on the proven emissions reduction compared with our older diesel units, and lower fuel and total cost of ownership, we knew this was the right application for us within the alternative fuel space.”

According to Squair, “Other areas of [autogas] growth include law enforcement and first responder vehicles, as well as commercial lawn mowing.”

Looking ahead

Squair and Gage seem optimistic about autogas and natural gas vehicle adoption, respectively.

For Gage’s part, he said, “Steady growth for NGVs appears likely – for both traditional on-road applications like trucks, trash, and transit – but also for off-road applications for mining and construction vehicles, and high-horsepower applications like rail, and open water/inland waterway marine.

Of course, natural gas and autogas aren’t the only alternative fuel options, either. For example, fleets are also increasingly going electric. Whether it be through a municipal deployment of light-duty electric vehicles in Virginia, a large roll-out of hybrid vans for telecommunications giant Verizon, or an order of electric transit buses slated for Los Angeles, fleet operators consider electric technology another viable, cost-effective alternative to diesel and gasoline.

Despite the best predictions, future prices for conventional fuels are nearly guaranteed to stay volatile. Nevertheless, the future for alternative fuel adoption – and the many benefits associated with a cleaner transportation sector – remains promising.

Source: NGT News & WIH Resource Group All rights reserved

Also check out this great book by Author Tracy Todaro Wallace: “Forget What You Think You Know“, now on Amazon at https://goo.gl/1BBxm6

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ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP, INC. (WRG)

WIH Resource Group is global leader providing of diversified environmental (waste and recycling), financial, expert witness services, transportation / logistics consulting solutions to its Clients throughout North America and internationally.

WRG provides solutions to complex challenges to its clients in the areas of environmental, alternative fuel fleet conversion studies, customer satisfaction surveys, fleet management matters, equipment and assets valuations, mergers & acquisitions (M&A), landfill gas management, renewable energy, waste & recycling collections, business process improvement, procurement services assistance, waste management operations, recycling processing, transfer stations, operational performance assessments (OPAs), recycling facilities (MRFs) studies, transportation and other feasibility and related financial analysis.

Formed in 2005, WRG’s Team consists of subject matter experts from the waste, recycling, alternative fuels, and transportation industries from both the public and private sectors.  WRG’s Team of experts have over 150 years of combined experience.

CLICK HERE to learn more about the rest of the Team of subject matter experts at WIH Resource Group.

For more information about WIH Resource Group’s diversified client services, and how we can best serve you, visit www.wihrg.com

Contact us today to see how we can best serve you at 480.241.9994 or admin@wihrg.com

Visit our new website!   www.wihresourcegroup.com

wihwebsite

YOUR GLOBAL LEADER IN CONSULTING

Celebrating a decade in business, WIH Resource Group is a global provider of professional technical and management support services to a broad range of markets, including waste management, recycling, financials, transportation, M&A due diligence and support, alternative fuel fleet conversions, facilities, environmental, energy for private sector business and government clients.

WIH Resource Group is a leader in all of the key markets that it serves. WIH Resource Group provides a blend of global reach, local knowledge, innovation and technical excellence in delivering solutions that create, enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments.  WIH Resource Group serves clients in more than 175 key markets internationally.

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Click on an image below to take you to WRG’s other sites!

23 Survival Skills that Our Great Grandparents Knew (That Most of Us Have Forgotten)


When you look at the technology boom of the last century, you could say that we’ve come a long way. We’ve eradicated diseases, made international travel and communication possible, and come up with all sorts of gadgets to make our lives “easier.”

​While all of this technology may seem like a good thing, it is having the disastrous effect of making us utterly and completely dependent on it.  Considering our dependency on technology, to some degree, its putting our very survival in jeopardy in terms of our ability to survive sustained periods of time without it.

​These 23 survival skills below are examples of common knowledge things that our ancestors used to know and practice in their everyday lives. Remember, there was a time when people were self-reliant and didn’t depend on a chain of systems – electronics, internet and other technology, to get them through their days, years and lives.

​And also remember that, YES, it is possible to regain this self-­reliance and take control of your own survival.

1. Gardening

In 1900, only 13% of the US population lived in urban areas. The rest lived mostly in rural areas and many worked as farmers. Today, half of all people live in cities and the figure is expected to grow.

In the cramped living conditions of cities, it is no wonder that people have stopped gardening. For them, food is something that you get at the supermarket and not pick from the ground.

​To urban dwellers, growing a garden might seem like a simple or even fun task, with the hardest part of it being all those weeds to deal with. But gardening (at least in a way which will actually produce you a substantial amount of food) is actually a task which requires vast amounts of knowledge.

​Here are just some of the things you need to know to grow food effectively:

  1. ​Soil conditions
  2. Crop rotation patterns
  3. Pruning
  4. Composting
  5. Sun exposure charting
  6. Seed germination
  7. Planter building
  8. Pest control
  9. Tool care and maintenance

In a SHFT situation where food is a commodity that you can’t get at the supermarket anymore, you will wish you knew these skills so you could produce your own food.

Better to start learning these skills now than when your life actually depends on it!

​2. Raising Animals

feeding cows

We’ve all heard the stories about the farmer having to get up at the rooster’s crow to milk the cows and feed the animals. Raising animals won’t just teach you responsibility (which is one trait our great grandparents definitely had more of than us). When you are responsible for animals, you learn everything that goes into caring for a living creature.

​You will get really good at working with wire for all those times you need to make repairs to the fence – a skill which will come in handy if you ever need to string barbed wire around the perimeter of your home for a SHFT defense system.

You will get really good at diagnosing and treating animal diseases – a useful skill for when no doctors or medicines are available.

​You will get good at building coops and pens — a skill that you can apply to building a survival shelter in Bug Out situations.

​3. Hunting

Hunters butchering kill

In 2013, an Austin-based startup created an “auto-aim” rifle which automatically locks onto the target and tracks it. Whether it is a goose flying in the sky or a deer bounding away, you are guaranteed to get a hit. This is yet another example of how technology is destroying our self-reliance.

​Hunting used to be a common pastime, and many schools even had hunting clubs and the students would bring their rifles to school and keep them in their lockers (good luck getting that started again in our schools!). Yes, there still are plenty of people who hunt, but the numbers have dwindled.

​Even the people who still do hunt today don’t do it in the way that our great grandparents did. Hunting usually means setting some bait, climbing into a watch tower, and waiting until a deer comes around to take your shot.

​By contrast, our great grandparents hunted by staking out animals – a skill which required them to be very familiar with animal habits and tracks. They could walk quietly and undetected through the woods and patiently wait for the right opportunity to get a shot at a large prize.

​Along with hunting with rifles, our great grandparents also knew how to set up snares to catch smaller game.

In a SHFT situation, it is these snares which will probably be most useful for survival.

Unlike rifles, snares don’t require any ammo, they don’t make a loud noise which will give away your location, and are more likely to get a catch since small animals are found in greater abundance.

​4. Preparing Meals from Scratch

woman making food

FEMA recommends that everyone keep a supply of non-perishable foods like dry beans and flour in their homes in case of a disaster. The irony of this is that many people have absolutely no clue on how to prepare these dry foods.

As for the 50lbs of flour that some people have stockpiled, I hope they like eating raw flour – because it takes some knowledge to turn flour into bread!

Processed foods make up approximately 70% of the American diet, and only a small percentage of Americans are cooking at home. When they aren’t eating fast food or take out, they are eating frozen dinners and meals which came from boxes.

Our great grandparents didn’t have 45 different types of frozen lasagna to choose from. Heck, they didn’t even have supermarkets, never mind freezer sections!

They make food from scratch out of necessity, and it was nutritious and wholesome without needing any fancy ingredients.​

​5. Preserving Food

Thanks to our complex food storage and distribution systems, we can have foods like bananas and cucumber year round – never mind that the bananas probably grew over 1,000 miles from where you live or that cucumbers are only in season in warm months.

​Our grandparents and great-grandparents didn’t have this. Instead, they would take advantage of the food seasons. They’d produce a surplus and preserve it for times of scarcity.

Thanks to the food revolution that is occurring, there are increasingly more young people who have gardens and are doing things like home canning.  However, we could really step this up a notch and start teaching people food preservation skills like:​

  1. Lacto-fermentation
  2. Pickling
  3. Smoking
  4. Dry salting
  5. Curing
  6. Drying
  7. Cellaring

6. Not Wasting Food

When you have to grow, forage, and hunt for your food, you don’t take it for granted. This isn’t something which can be said of today’s generation!

​Consider that the average American family throws away 1/4 of the food they buy, adding up to a total of approximately $1,365 to $2,275 annually. Our great grandparents would be horrified!

The reason that people are so willing to toss food into the trash is because they assume that they can always go to the supermarket and get more.

Our great grandparents and grandparents lived through the Great Depression and World Wars I and II. They knew that crises can strike at any time and leave you hungry and deprived.

So, when you have surplus, you put some aside for those rainy days – something we should all be doing right now by investing in a long-term food storage supply.

7. Natural First Aid

Did you know that you can stop bleeding with cayenne pepper, or that thyme is a natural remedy for coughs?

You might not, but your great grandparents certainly did.

Before the era of superhighways and cheap cars, people didn’t have easy access to doctors. They did things themselves. When SHFT and you’ve got a case of bad diarrhea from drinking dirty water, you will wish you could call up your grandparents and ask for advice.

8. How to Navigate (without a GPS)

If you have kids, then you probably know about the children’s show Dora the Explorer. When Dora goes on adventures, she calls on her friend Map to get instructions. Except that Dora doesn’t actually read Map. She just tells Map where she wants to go and Map tells her how to get there.

The first time I watched that show with my daughter, I thought it was ridiculous: You just can’t say the name of where you want to go and expect map to know everything! Then I realized that Map is exactly the same as the GPS systems which virtually everyone today relies on.

Once the grid goes down and everyone’s GPS is fried, you are going to have a lot of people wandering around lost in their own cities.​

To increase your chances of survival in an emergency situation, you can take these steps to learn more map reading skills and familiarize yourself with your area:

  1. ​Hang a map of your local area in your home so you can study its layout.
  2. Look at your map from a tactical standpoint and devise exit strategies and pinpoint safe zones.
  3. Determine where you will go in a disaster situation where you must evacuate; chart multiple routes from your home to this location.
  4. Go for a hike in the woods with a map and a compass.
  5. Sign up for your local orienteering group.
  6. Drive around your neighborhood without a map or GPS to familiarize yourself with it.

9. Home Maintenance

How many people today know how to do even the most basic of home maintenance or repairs, like putting up shelves or fixing a leaking pipe?

In a serious disaster situation, these skills are going to go a long way to your survival – such as when to put those basic carpentry skills to use when building a shelter. However, there doesn’t have to be a major SHTF disaster to get use out of these skills.

In a local disaster such as a hurricane (and these are happening with higher frequency), it is common to have broken windows, roofs, and doors. You must be able to fix these so your home remains safe and livable until you are able to clean up or evacuate.​

At the bare minimum, everyone should know the following three things. After you’ve got these down, you can gradually build up your skills by fixing home maintenance issues as they arise.​

  1. ​How to shut off the water main: Make sure you and all your family members know where the water main is located and how to shut it off. If a water supply pipe gets damaged during a disaster situation, you don’t want to confound the disaster by having water flooding into your house.
  2. How to shut off the gas main: This is especially important for earthquakes and other natural disasters as gas supply pipes are often damaged. The leaking gas can kill you!
  3. How to board up a window: Before a hurricane, you should always board up windows to prevent glass from breaking and flying everywhere. You’ll also need to board up windows before evacuating to protect your home from looters, and to fix any broken windows for protection against the elements.

10. How to Reuse Everything

In one memoir about growing up in the Great Depression, a woman tells about how her family salvaged socks which got holes in them. The holes usually appeared in the toes or heel. The hole would be sewn up, causing the sock to be slightly smaller – so the sock would get passed down to the next child in line.

When that child got a hole in the socks, they’d be sewn up once again and passed down. So it would continue until the socks were too small to be used. No, the socks still didn’t get thrown away. At that point, they’d be used for cleaning and scrubbing floors.

When you don’t have much, you learn how to make use of every single thing you can find. Luckily, this life skill is becoming popular again. You can see examples of people making all sorts of furniture, decor, and kids’ crafts out of old plastic bottles, salvaged wood, and so forth.

Take a look in your own trash can. What items are in there? Which of these items could be used in a survival situation?

11. Memorizing Phone Numbers

This might seem like a joke, but think about it for a minute. If a disaster occurred and your mobile phone was damaged, would you be able to call your loved ones?

​Long before cell phones allowed us to make a call with a single tap, people actually memorized the phone numbers of their family, friends, and doctors.

​If you don’t think that you will be able to memorize all your important numbers, then at least WRITE THEM DOWN ON PAPER. Do not only store your phone numbers on your computer or in the cloud.

Yes, the digital method of storing phone numbers might be fine for situations like if your cell phone is stolen. But what if the grid goes down and you can’t get online and your cell is dead?

Make a paper list of important contents with their phone numbers and addresses. Put this list in a waterproof sleeve and put it with all of your other important survival documents.

12. Cultivating Community

It wasn’t that long ago that neighbors knew each other and could rely on each other for things like the proverbial cup of sugar.

They did things like host dinner parties, block parties, and gossiped with each other. Today, most people don’t even know what their neighbors’ names are, nevertheless had any sort of bond with them. The most socializing we do is through Facebook.

Being friendly with your neighbors might not seem like a survival skill, but it might be the one which ultimately saves your life. Humans are social creatures and our main strength – and reason we’ve survived despite being weaker and slower than predators – is strength in numbers.​

When the SHTF (Sh** Hits The Fan), wouldn’t you rather be able to call on your neighbors to help you defend the perimeter and share your skills, or would you rather have them come banging on your door to steal your supplies?

13. Sewing

Our grandparents could have easily went to the store and purchased clothes. Or, if they lived far from a city, they could have hired a dressmaker to make their clothes. However, sewing (as well as other skills like crocheting, knitting, and darning) were more than just skills women were expected to know.

As Gutenberg history of sewing says,

“Sewing was for many a routine component of a household economy, usually (but not always) cheaper than buying items ready-made…Sewing represented the home, women’s conventional role of caring for her family, and was associated with concepts of thrift, discipline, domestic production, even sexual morality. “

​14. Hand Washing Clothes

In the 1950s, only 33% of households had a washing machineToday, nearly all homes have one.  As for the homes without them? They likely go to a laundromat.

How many people would be able to wash their clothes efficiently without a washing machine?  Imagine a situation where the grid has gone down and the washing machines don’t work plus there isn’t any running water!

A good solution? How about this simple DIY bucket washing machine.

15. Bartering

In history, farmers didn’t have much money but would have goods. They used these to barter with members of the community for things they needed. When the Great Depression struck, many people survived by bartering.

​Bartering is still very common in many parts of the world.

Speaking personally, I can say how uncomfortable I felt the first time I had to barter at a market in East Asia. It got easier (and the amounts I paid became much lower) – but it took time to develop this skill. Should the world economy crash and we needed to rely on bartering again, most of us would struggle.

​16. Marksmanship

Marksmanship is something that we still respect and honor through events like the Olympics and ISSF.  However, the percentage of people who know and utilize this skill is in a decline. Heck, even “trained” police officers are lacking marksmanship skills!

Luckily, there are some organizations – like Project Appleseed – which are hoping to revive this lost skill for future generations.

17. Making their Own Cleaning Products

You’ve probably heard that our great-grandparents used to make soap out of animal fat, but do you have any clue on how to actually do it?

If there were a major economic collapse or grid failure, most of us would be incredibly dirty and we’d all be facing a major hygiene problem!

18. Foraging for Food

When we picture our great-grandparents’ and grandparents’ lives on the farm, we picture them gardening and tending the animals – but we tend to omit the foraging part.

Yet, our grandparents used to take long walks into wild fields and forests to gather mushrooms, tubers, leafy greens, berries, and many other wild edibles.

Foraging is a long part of our history, and it was how our grandparents were able to supplement their food and get greater diversity.  Luckily, foraging is making a comeback with youth but the knowledge is mostly lost and relegating to a few “foolproof” species of edible plants.

If you want to learn foraging, how about starting with these edible plants found near your home.

19. Warming a Home

In our great-grandparents’ time, wood stoves were the most common way of warming a home during the cold months. They’d also employ various tricks, like using “bed warmers” filled with coals.

​In the 1900s, “instant heating” methods started to become more common.  However, these are anything but “instant” by our standards. You would have to load coal into a furnace, using guesswork to determine how much coal to use.

Today’s generation would probably freeze to death without their central heating – like the 24 people who died from freezing during a power outage.

20. Butchering

Because hunting and raising animals was an important part of life, you can bet that they also knew how to butcher it.  My grandparents would even make sure to use every single part of the animal, making “head cheese” from parts that people today say are too gross to eat.

The number of hunters in America is declining (and the rest of the modern world).  As we lose hunters, we also lose the skill of butchering animals.

21. Cloth Diapering

My wife and I used cloth diapers for our daughter when she was born. We were surprised at how much backlash we got for this.

​“Isn’t it disgusting!”

​“You put those dirty poop diapers in the washing machine where your normal clothes go!?!?”

​I tried to explain that it’s not that much different to disposable diapers: You just put the cloth diaper into a bin instead of the trash. And we have a washing machine – it isn’t even like we are washing the diapers by hand!

In this sense, I personally think that cloth diapering isn’t just a lost survival skill. It is a lost mentality.

22. Entertaining Themselves

Our grandparents didn’t have TV growing up, not to mention eBooks, the internet, YouTube, video games, the dozens of other forms of instant-entertainment that we have today.

​They probably did have radio, but your great-grandparents probably didn’t.  The first commercial radio station didn’t broadcast until 1920.  Radio became popular quickly but, by 1930, still less than half of American households had a radio.  Radio was like the internet back then.

Without instant-entertainment, our grandparents had to entertain themselves.

​They read the Bible.

They told stories.

They made toys (my favorite example being a balloon made from a pig bladder).

These might not seem like survival skills, but entertainment is important for stress relief so you can better cope with everyday survival.

​23. Making Do

The average American goes to the grocery store 1.6 times per week. That doesn’t include the number of trips to other stores like hardware stores.  Nor does the figure include all of the online shopping we do for random items.

With goods so readily accessible today, our generation has never learned to “make do” with what we have. Instead, we just buy whatever is missing.

This easy access of goods has killed our creativity and problem-solving skills.

It is a bit scary to imagine what would happen to this generation if we suddenly had to learn to make do with what was available!

​How do you feel about this? Are we losing our self-reliance?


Image credits:

Women of the Australian Women’s Land Arm” (CC BY-NC 2.0) by State Library Victoria Collections 1930” (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) by YlvaS

Source: Primal Survivor & WIH Resource Group All rights reserved

Also Read this great book by Author Tracy Todaro Wallace: “Forget What You Think You Know“, now on Amazon at https://goo.gl/1BBxm6

FWYTYK Cover

ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP, INC. (WRG)

WIH Resource Group is global leader providing of diversified environmental (waste and recycling), financial, expert witness services, transportation / logistics consulting solutions to its Clients throughout North America and internationally.

WRG provides solutions to complex challenges to its clients in the areas of environmental, alternative fuel fleet conversion studies, customer satisfaction surveys, fleet management matters, equipment and assets valuations, mergers & acquisitions (M&A), landfill gas management, renewable energy, waste & recycling collections, business process improvement, procurement services assistance, waste management operations, recycling processing, transfer stations, operational performance assessments (OPAs), recycling facilities (MRFs) studies, transportation and other feasibility and related financial analysis.

Formed in 2005, WRG’s Team consists of subject matter experts from the waste, recycling, alternative fuels, and transportation industries from both the public and private sectors.  WRG’s Team of experts have over 150 years of combined experience.

CLICK HERE to learn more about the rest of the Team of subject matter experts at WIH Resource Group.

For more information about WIH Resource Group’s diversified client services, and how we can best serve you, visit www.wihrg.com

Contact us today to see how we can best serve you at 480.241.9994 or admin@wihrg.com

Visit our new website!   www.wihresourcegroup.com

wihwebsite

YOUR GLOBAL LEADER IN CONSULTING

Celebrating a decade in business, WIH Resource Group is a global provider of professional technical and management support services to a broad range of markets, including waste management, recycling, financials, transportation, M&A due diligence and support, alternative fuel fleet conversions, facilities, environmental, energy for private sector business and government clients.

WIH Resource Group is a leader in all of the key markets that it serves. WIH Resource Group provides a blend of global reach, local knowledge, innovation and technical excellence in delivering solutions that create, enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments.  WIH Resource Group serves clients in more than 175 key markets internationally.

WIH Website logo

Click on an image below to take you to WRG’s other sites!

Five Tips on Making Everyday Count by Richard Branson


There’s always so much going on at Virgin and I have to juggle many different business focuses on a daily basis. I’m often asked how I do it and how I’ve managed to go into so many different sectors and make a success out of it.

I love life – and after 67 years of it I’ve worked out some of the things that help me manage my workload and have fun at the same time. I don’t really separate work and play – it’s all living. This doesn’t mean I’m always working, it means I’ve learned the art of balance. – Richard Branson

Richard Branson ipad necker

On Virgin.com, our current Spotlight series is all about fulfilling potential. On this theme, I wanted to share my top five tips on making every day count:

5. Do something fun as you start your day

I like to get up early and start the day with some sport – usually a fierce game of tennis or an hour of kitesurfing. It gets the blood pumping and makes you feel like you’ve achieved something before you’ve even started working. It also releases endorphins so you’re more likely to be in a good mood!

If you’re not an early bird, perhaps try and build some exercise into your commute instead. Get off the train a stop early, ride your bike, do a yoga YouTube video in your lounge. I hear people say they don’t have time for fitness, which is true. You don’t have time for it, you make time for it. There is nothing more important than your health.

Richard Branson takes a phone call before going kitesurfing

4. Just do it!

I learned very early on, from Student Magazine to Virgin Records, that if you want something to happen, don’t just sit around waiting for it. Work hard, take your chances, and seize opportunities when they present themselves. Don’t give in to the fear and self-doubt and instead find ways to make it happen. Those who are bold have a higher chance of being rewarded.

3. Set goals and challenge yourself (and write them down)

You should always be looking for ways to make things better – including yourself. You can never know it all, and it’s so important to always be learning and developing. I find it really useful to set myself some goals and write them down. I make long-term and short-term goals, and the short-term successes keep my morale up and spur me on towards longer-term goals. By writing them down, you can work through your list and tick them off. Writing things down keeps you focused and makes sure you don’t forget great ideas. I look at my notebook every day and am always scribbling notes to myself.

Richard Branson writing a letter

Richard Branson writing a letter

2. Have a break

It’s so important to carve a little time for yourself to breathe. I find the best way to do this is to make a cup of tea and take 10 minutes to reflect. Often this time sparks new ideas as your mind wanders, or helps you find solutions to problems that have been bugging you. I find that taking a break helps me rest rather than give up. If you burn yourself out, you’re no good to anyone.

1. Do some good

I feel that fulfilment and purpose are very closely linked. Most people feel the most fulfilled and happiest when they are having a positive impact on those around them. Business should be a driving force in creating a better world, so if you can combine your entrepreneurial skills with a social purpose, you can have a great effect on the world. I’ve always set out in business to disrupt industries to benefit the customer and had great fun doing it. More and more I am focusing on the big problems that the world faces, such as climate change, human rights and drug policy. I spend a lot of time working with Virgin Unite, the B Team, the Elders and the Rocky Mountain Institute. I want my grandchildren to grow up in a safe, secure world without the threat of climate change catastrophes or conflict.

How do you make every day count? 

 

Source: Virgin.com & WIH Resource Group All rights reserved

Also Read this great book by Author Tracy Todaro Wallace: “Forget What You Think You Know“, now on Amazon at https://goo.gl/1BBxm6

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ABOUT WIH RESOURCE GROUP, INC. (WRG)

WIH Resource Group is global leader providing of diversified environmental (waste and recycling), financial, expert witness services, transportation / logistics consulting solutions to its Clients throughout North America and internationally.

WRG provides solutions to complex challenges to its clients in the areas of environmental, alternative fuel fleet conversion studies, customer satisfaction surveys, fleet management matters, equipment and assets valuations, mergers & acquisitions (M&A), landfill gas management, renewable energy, waste & recycling collections, business process improvement, procurement services assistance, waste management operations, recycling processing, transfer stations, operational performance assessments (OPAs), recycling facilities (MRFs) studies, transportation and other feasibility and related financial analysis.

Formed in 2005, WRG’s Team consists of subject matter experts from the waste, recycling, alternative fuels, and transportation industries from both the public and private sectors.  WRG’s Team of experts have over 150 years of combined experience.

CLICK HERE to learn more about the rest of the Team of subject matter experts at WIH Resource Group.

For more information about WIH Resource Group’s diversified client services, and how we can best serve you, visit www.wihrg.com

Contact us today to see how we can best serve you at 480.241.9994 or admin@wihrg.com

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YOUR GLOBAL LEADER IN CONSULTING

Celebrating a decade in business, WIH Resource Group is a global provider of professional technical and management support services to a broad range of markets, including waste management, recycling, financials, transportation, M&A due diligence and support, alternative fuel fleet conversions, facilities, environmental, energy for private sector business and government clients.

WIH Resource Group is a leader in all of the key markets that it serves. WIH Resource Group provides a blend of global reach, local knowledge, innovation and technical excellence in delivering solutions that create, enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments.  WIH Resource Group serves clients in more than 175 key markets internationally.

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